Tularemia is an infection common in wild rodents. It is transmitted to humans by contact with infected animal tissues or by
Deerfly fever; Rabbit fever; Pahvant Valley plague; Ohara disease; Yatobyo (Japan); Lemming fever
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Tularemia is caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis.
Humans can get the disease through:
- Direct contact, through a break in the skin, with an infected animal or its dead body
- The bite of an infected tick, horsefly, or mosquito
- Eating infected meat (rare)
Areas where the disorder most commonly occurs include North America and parts of Europe and Asia. The illness may continue for several weeks after symptoms begin.
Some people may develop
Francisella tularensis is considered a potential bioterrorism agent. An aerosol release would be a possible method of infection. Pneumonia cases would start 1 - 10 days after people were exposed.