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On June 9, the Food and Drug Administration approved the first
effective vaccine against Human Papillomavirus, a sexually
transmitted infection that is one of the major causes of cervical
cancer. On the heels of this approval, which represents a crucial
breakthrough in the efforts of scientists, doctors and public
health officials to combat the spread of STDs in the United
States and elsewhere, the Medical College of Georgia announced
today that significant strides have been made towards the
development of another STD vaccine, which will protect against
There is a pressing need to develop an effective protection
against this disease. Genital herpes affects one out of every four
American women and one out of every five American men, according to
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Although it is not
life-threatening in adults, it is particularly dangerous to babies;
transmission of the virus from the mother to the child during
pregnancy or childbearing...
Article updated and reviewed by David Aronoff, M.D., Assistant Professor, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Michigan Medical School on May 9, 2005. herpes simplex virus (HSV) and is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). There are two types of HSV, HSV-1 and HSV-2. HSV-1 is usually responsible for cold sores ( fever blisters) of the lips and mouth. HSV-2 is the one that most commonly causes genital herpes . The infection causes painful, ulcerative sores on the genitals in both men and women. However, HSV-1 can cause genital herpes, and HSV-2 can cause cold sores. Genital herpes is common. In the United States, one out of five of the total adolescent and adult population is infected with HSV. Herpes is spread by direct contact with an infected person. For example, if you have genital herpes and have sexual intercourse, you can give your partner genital herpes. If you have oral herpes , you can give your partner oral herpes while kissing, and you can also give i...
Raising the Alarm on STDs in Teen Girls Did you hear the recent study that showed that one in four girls and young women are infected with an STD - Chlamydia, genital herpes, trichomonas, or human papillomavirus (HPV)? And 15% had more than one STD! Given what I've seen in practice, this is not that surprising, but it is very alarming. What is surprising is the complete lack of understanding of the consequences of these infections. According to the study - which looked at a sampling of teenage girls (ages14-19) in 2003 and 2004 -- the two most common STDS were HPVand Chlamydia. HPV can cause cervical cancer and genital warts, and Chlamydia, if left untreated, can cause infertility and chronic pelvic pain. Interestingly, the study has reignited the debate over what it will take to prevent these infections in young women. The current administration has spent over a billion dollars on abstinence programs that they believe will curb the spr...
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