Alternative Names HSV; Congenital herpes; Herpes - congenital Treatment Herpes virus infections in infants are generally treated with medicine given through a vein (intravenous). Acyclovir is the most common antiviral medicine used for this purpose. The baby may need to take the medicine for several weeks. Other therapy is often needed to treat the effects of herpes infection, such as shock or seizures. Often, because these babies are very ill, treatment is done in an intensive care unit. Support Groups Expectations (prognosis) Infants with systemic herpes or encephalitis often do poorly, despite antiviral medications and early treatment. In infants with skin disease, the vesicles may come back repeatedly even after treatment is finished. These recurrences put them at risk for learning disabilities, and may need to be treated. Complications Bacterial or fungal infection of skin lesions Coma Death Developmental delay Excessive bleeding, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) Eye problems (chori...
Causes Herpes Viruses The herpes virus group includes a number of common infections, including herpes simplex, varicella-zoster (the cause of chickenpox and shingles), cytomegalovirus, herpes virus 6, and Epstein-Barr (EB) virus (the cause of mononucleosis). About 2,100 people are hospitalized each year from herpes-associated encephalitis. These viruses share certain features, including the capacity to cause an infection and then to go into hiding. They can lie dormant for periods of time as short as months or as long as a lifetime. In a few cases, when the viruses reactivate, they cause encephalitis. In fact, some evidence suggests that varicella-zoster, cytomegalovirus, and Epstein-Barr (EB) virus may be more common causes of encephalitis than previously thought. In most cases, however, encephalitis from these viruses occurs in people with impaired immune systems, such as people with HIV or organ transplant patients. Herpes Simplex Virus. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the most common c...
On June 9, the Food and Drug Administration approved the first
effective vaccine against Human Papillomavirus, a sexually
transmitted infection that is one of the major causes of cervical
cancer. On the heels of this approval, which represents a crucial
breakthrough in the efforts of scientists, doctors and public
health officials to combat the spread of STDs in the United
States and elsewhere, the Medical College of Georgia announced
today that significant strides have been made towards the
development of another STD vaccine, which will protect against
There is a pressing need to develop an effective protection
against this disease. Genital herpes affects one out of every four
American women and one out of every five American men, according to
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Although it is not
life-threatening in adults, it is particularly dangerous to babies;
transmission of the virus from the mother to the child during
pregnancy or childbearing...
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