Complications The severity of symptoms depends on where and how the virus enters the body. Except in very rare instances and in special circumstances, the disease is not life threatening, although it can be very debilitating and cause emotional distress. Herpes and Pregnancy Pregnant women who have genital herpes due to either herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) or herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) have an increased risk for miscarriage, premature labor, retarded fetal growth, or transmission of the herpes infection to the infant either in the uterus or at the time of delivery. Herpes in newborn babies (neonatals) can be a very serious condition. Fortunately, neonatal herpes is rare. Although about 25 - 30% of pregnant women have genital herpes, less than 0.1% of babies are born with neonatal herpes. The baby is at greatest risk during a vaginal delivery, especially if the mother has an asymptomatic infection that was first introduced late in the pregnancy. In such cases, 30 - 50% of newborns bec...
Alternative Names Cold sore; Fever blister; Herpes simplex - oral; Oral herpes simplex Treatment Untreated, the symptoms will generally go away in 1 to 2 weeks. Antiviral medications taken by mouth may help the symptoms go away sooner and decrease pain. Acyclovir, famciclovir, and valacyclovir are the three oral treatments currently available. Herpes sores often come back again and again. The antiviral medicines work best if you take them when the virus is just starting to come back -- before you see any sores. If the virus returns frequently, your doctor may recommend that you take the medicines all the time. Topical (rubbed onto the skin) antiviral cream (penciclovir andaacyclovir) may be used, but must be applied every 2 hours while you're awake. They are expensive and often only shorten the outbreak by a few hours to a day. Wash blisters gently with soap and water to reduce the spread of the virus to other areas of skin. An antiseptic soap may be recommended. Applying ice or warmth to t...
On June 9, the Food and Drug Administration approved the first
effective vaccine against Human Papillomavirus, a sexually
transmitted infection that is one of the major causes of cervical
cancer. On the heels of this approval, which represents a crucial
breakthrough in the efforts of scientists, doctors and public
health officials to combat the spread of STDs in the United
States and elsewhere, the Medical College of Georgia announced
today that significant strides have been made towards the
development of another STD vaccine, which will protect against
There is a pressing need to develop an effective protection
against this disease. Genital herpes affects one out of every four
American women and one out of every five American men, according to
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Although it is not
life-threatening in adults, it is particularly dangerous to babies;
transmission of the virus from the mother to the child during
pregnancy or childbearing...
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