A newly concluded study conducted at the University of Texas
Southwestern Medical center offers hope to women living with
genital herpes who wish to bear children. Because there is a small
risk of passing the infection to a baby during the birth process,
many herpes-infected mothers have delivered their babies via
Caesarean section. For mothers experiencing herpes symptoms at the
time of delivery, a C-section is required. The results of this new
study, conducted with the participation of pharmaceutical
manufacturer GlaxoSmithKline, suggests that vaginal delivery may
now be an option for women not experiencing herpes symptoms at the
time of birth.
The danger of infection results from what doctors refer to
asymptomatic shedding, a term that describes the
ability of those infected with herpes to transmit the virus even
when they are not experiencing symptoms. In the case of pregnant
women, this shedding can often take place in either the birth canal
or the genital region, pla...
Not all forms of communication can be heard which is why pain is difficult to spot in children. Young infants cannot say, "Hey mom, my head hurts." Toddlers may not have learned the word for pain yet. And teenagers may not be speaking to you at all. If complaints of pain cannot be heard, a caregiver for children must be on the lookout for other signs that pain is affecting the lives of young people.
How young is pain felt or perceived by the developing brain? Pain becomes a signal in the brain before a newborn is born. Preterm neonates react to painful stimuli of a venous puncture . This reaction can be seen by special brain mapping techniques that measure changes in blood flow and oxygenation. Hospital staff in neonatal intensive care units must be on the lookout for pain. They know that when the potential for pain is present, the lack of a reliable form of communication becomes problematic.
When are other times that pain can be felt by children besides in the hospital f...
Complications The severity of symptoms depends on where and how the virus enters the body. Except in very rare instances and in special circumstances, the disease is not life threatening, although it can be very debilitating and cause emotional distress. Herpes and Pregnancy Pregnant women who have genital herpes due to either herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) or herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) have an increased risk for miscarriage, premature labor, retarded fetal growth, or transmission of the herpes infection to the infant either in the uterus or at the time of delivery. Herpes in newborn babies (neonatals) can be a very serious condition. Fortunately, neonatal herpes is rare. Although about 25 - 30% of pregnant women have genital herpes, less than 0.1% of babies are born with neonatal herpes. The baby is at greatest risk during a vaginal delivery, especially if the mother has an asymptomatic infection that was first introduced late in the pregnancy. In such cases, 30 - 50% of newborns bec...
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