What is genital herpes?
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the
herpes simplex viruses (HSV) type 1 and type 2. Most genital herpes
is caused by HSV type 2.
Most people have no or minimal symptoms from HSV-1 or HSV-2
infection. When symptoms do occur, they usually appear as one or
more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. The blisters
break, leaving ulcers or tender sores that may take up to four
weeks to heal. Typically, another outbreak can appear weeks or
Although the infection can stay in the body forever, the number
of outbreaks usually decreases over a period of years. You can pass
genital herpes to someone else even when you experience no
How common is genital herpes?
About 45 million Americans, age 12 and older have genital
herpes. Its estimated that up to one million people become
infected each year. Genital Herpes (HSV-2) is more common in women
How can I get genital herpes?
Herpes is a virus that can be...
Rheumatoid factors are antibodies that attach to other antibodies. This may be associated with inflammation. It is a test used to help in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis . However, there are many other conditions associated with a positive rheumatoid factor. These conditions include Sjogren's syndrome , viral illnesses (including hepatitis), tuberculosis, endocarditis, malignancy, and other inflammatory illnesses. It is not uncommon for rheumatoid factor to be detected in healthy individuals. Approximately 1% to 2% of healthy people have detectable serum rheumatoid factor. And 10 to 20 % of rheumatoid arthritis patients are NOT rheumatoid factor positive. Those rheumatoid arthritis patients who are rheumatoid factor positive are at greater risk for more aggressive disease, including inflammation outside the joints---such as rheumatoid lung or inflammation of the eye. Patients with a positive rheumatoid factor are also more prone to have rheumatoid nodules ---th...
Having HSV-1 or HSV-2 increases the risk of having a miscarriage during pregnancy, having premature labor and it also increases the possibility that your baby could have serious complications if exposed the virus. Between 20 and 25% of all pregnant women may have herpes, but of those, only about 0.01% will experience complications dring the pregnancy itself.
If you get herpes during the first trimester of pregnancy, it's unlikely you will have any serious problems. Your body will produce antibodies to the HSV-2 and those antibodies will get passed on to the baby and provide some protection. If you already have HSV2, then as soon as you get pregnant you would also hand off antibodies to your as yet unborn child. If you have HSV-1, the antibodies are not thought to offer as much protection.
If you get herpes in the last trimester or very late in pregnancy then you and the baby will have the highest risk of complications mostly because there i...
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