Rheumatoid factors are antibodies that attach to other antibodies. This may be associated with inflammation. It is a test used to help in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis . However, there are many other conditions associated with a positive rheumatoid factor. These conditions include Sjogren's syndrome , viral illnesses (including hepatitis), tuberculosis, endocarditis, malignancy, and other inflammatory illnesses. It is not uncommon for rheumatoid factor to be detected in healthy individuals. Approximately 1% to 2% of healthy people have detectable serum rheumatoid factor. And 10 to 20 % of rheumatoid arthritis patients are NOT rheumatoid factor positive. Those rheumatoid arthritis patients who are rheumatoid factor positive are at greater risk for more aggressive disease, including inflammation outside the joints---such as rheumatoid lung or inflammation of the eye. Patients with a positive rheumatoid factor are also more prone to have rheumatoid nodules ---th...
There has been a lot of herpes talk in the media lately (and by “media” I mean gossip blogs and trashy online magazines) due to the recent allegations that R&B singer Chris Brown beat up his former girlfriend, pop singer Rihanna. The incident reportedly took place after a pre-Grammy party, and while people speculate on what sparked the fight, many believe it was over herpes. Rumors are flying that Rihanna not only gave genital herpes to Chris Brown, but that she got it from hip-hop mogul Jay-Z. Why is this important? It’s not. At least not unless you’re one of those involved. But the comments I’ve heard from people regarding this controversy tells me there’s still a lot of misunderstanding about herpes out there in the general population.
No one knows for sure what caused the fight between the two celebrities. My guess is that it had more to do with jealousy than an STD. I would imagine th...
Understanding Herpes Testing
The most important fact to know in terms of Herpes testing is that
blood testing with an IgG test is the BEST test for diagnosing the disease.
first see the doctor for a suspicious genital ulcer, your health care provider
may ask a lot of really personal and embarrassing questions. Know
that having an accurate sexual history as well as a description of your
symptoms is very important as your health care provider evaluates you. Be honest.
medical history and physical examination alone can not diagnose herpes.
I've seen a
lot of genital herpes, but it's easy to be fooled. I've had patients who had lesions in unusual
places or didn't have a typical story that I mistook for abscesses - only after
they failed antibiotics did I do the culture and verify that it was
On the other hand, I've seen some very typical appearing ulcers on the genitals
that turned out NOT to be herpes.
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