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A negative (normal) test usually means you have not been infected with HSV-1 or HSV-2.
If the infection occurred very recently (within a few weeks to 3 months), the test may be negative, but you may still be infected. This is called a false negative.
What abnormal results mean
A positive test means you have been infected with the herpes simplex virus recently or at some point in the past.
Tests to determine patterns of antibodies can sometimes help determine if you have a recent infection.
Approximately 70% of adults have been infected by HSV-1 and have antibodies against the virus. About 20% of adults will have antibodies against the HSV-2 virus.
Herpes simplex virus stays in your system once you have been infected. It may be dormant and cause no symptoms, or may flare up and cause symptoms. This test cannot tell whether you are having a flare-up.
HSV-2 usually causes genital herpes, whereas...
What is genital herpes?
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the
herpes simplex viruses (HSV) type 1 and type 2. Most genital herpes
is caused by HSV type 2.
Most people have no or minimal symptoms from HSV-1 or HSV-2
infection. When symptoms do occur, they usually appear as one or
more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. The blisters
break, leaving ulcers or tender sores that may take up to four
weeks to heal. Typically, another outbreak can appear weeks or
Although the infection can stay in the body forever, the number
of outbreaks usually decreases over a period of years. You can pass
genital herpes to someone else even when you experience no
How common is genital herpes?
About 45 million Americans, age 12 and older have genital
herpes. Its estimated that up to one million people become
infected each year. Genital Herpes (HSV-2) is more common in women
How can I get genital herpes?
Herpes is a virus that can be...
Having HSV-1 or HSV-2 increases the risk of having a miscarriage during pregnancy, having premature labor and it also increases the possibility that your baby could have serious complications if exposed the virus. Between 20 and 25% of all pregnant women may have herpes, but of those, only about 0.01% will experience complications dring the pregnancy itself.
If you get herpes during the first trimester of pregnancy, it's unlikely you will have any serious problems. Your body will produce antibodies to the HSV-2 and those antibodies will get passed on to the baby and provide some protection. If you already have HSV2, then as soon as you get pregnant you would also hand off antibodies to your as yet unborn child. If you have HSV-1, the antibodies are not thought to offer as much protection.
If you get herpes in the last trimester or very late in pregnancy then you and the baby will have the highest risk of complications mostly because there i...
You should know
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