Definition Vaginal bleeding in pregnancy is bleeding coming through the vagina during pregnancy, for any reason. Alternative Names Pregnancy - vaginal bleeding; Maternal blood loss Considerations Up to 10% of women have vaginal bleeding at some time during their pregnancy, especially in the first 3 months (first trimester). Bleeding is even more common with twins. To help prevent a miscarriage or other problems during pregnancy: Avoid smoking and using drugs of any kind, including alcohol. Eat a well- balanced diet . Get regular medical checkups. Take prenatal vitamins (or vitamins high in folic acid) before and after getting pregnant. Common Causes During the first 3 months, vaginal bleeding may be a sign of a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. See the doctor right away. During months 4 - 9 bleeding may be a sign of: Abruptio placentae Miscarriage Placenta previa Vasa previa Other possible causes of vaginal bleeding during pregnancy: Early labor (bloody show) Ectopic pregnancy Infection of the cervix Trauma...
Runny nose; Postnasal drip; Rhinorrhea
Keep the mucous thin rather than thick and sticky. This helps prevent complications, such as ear and sinus infections, and plugging of your nasal passages. To thin the mucous:
Drink extra fluids.
Increase the humidity in the air with a vaporizer or humidifier.
Use saline nasal sprays.
Antihistamines may reduce the amount of mucous. Be careful, because some antihistamines may make you drowsy. Don't use over-the-counter nasal sprays more often than 3 days on and 3 days off, unless told to by your doctor.
OVERUSE OF ANTIBIOTICS
Many people think that a green or yellow nasal discharge means a bacterial infection, which requires antibiotics. This is NOT true. Colds will often begin with a clear nasal discharge, but after several days it usually turns creamy yellow or green. Colds are caused by viruses, and antibiotics will not help. A green or yellow nasal discharge is not a...
Being that I am a urologic surgeon, I routinely perform surgery on patients for incontinence . Unfortunately, no surgery is without its risks and complications. Before surgery, I always review risks and potential complications with patients, but when a patient has a bad outcome, they are always surprised. Now, even if you do not get the outcome you were hoping for, there are options for you to improve your outcome. There are many kinds of incontinence surgeries, but here I am going to focus on mid-urethral vaginal slings . First of all, it is important that you let your doctor know that you are having problems or are unhappy with the outcome. One of the most frustrating things for me is when a patient comes to me after having been operated on by another doctor and now is seeing me to fix the problem. I am not saying that you don't have the right to seek help from another physician, but you should give your first doctor a chance to right things. Some people,...
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