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Definition Herpes simplex is a viral infection that mainly affects the mouth or genital area. Causes, incidence, and risk factors There are two strains of herpes simplex viruses: Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is usually associated with infections of the lips, mouth, and face. It is the most common herpes simplex virus and many people develop it in childhood. HSV-1 often causes sores (lesions) inside the mouth, such as cold sores (fever blisters), or infection of the eye (especially the conjunctiva and cornea). It can also lead to infection of the lining of the brain (meningoencephalitis). It is transmitted by contact with infected saliva. By adulthood, 30 - 90% of people will have antibodies to HSV-1. The likelihood of childhood infection is higher among those with lower socioeconomic status. Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) is usually sexually transmitted. Symptoms include genital ulcers or sores. However, some people with HSV-2 have no symptoms. Up to 30% of adults in the U.S. have a...
There has been a lot of herpes talk in the media lately (and by “media” I mean gossip blogs and trashy online magazines) due to the recent allegations that R&B singer Chris Brown beat up his former girlfriend, pop singer Rihanna. The incident reportedly took place after a pre-Grammy party, and while people speculate on what sparked the fight, many believe it was over herpes. Rumors are flying that Rihanna not only gave genital herpes to Chris Brown, but that she got it from hip-hop mogul Jay-Z. Why is this important? It’s not. At least not unless you’re one of those involved. But the comments I’ve heard from people regarding this controversy tells me there’s still a lot of misunderstanding about herpes out there in the general population.
No one knows for sure what caused the fight between the two celebrities. My guess is that it had more to do with jealousy than an STD. I would imagine th...
On June 9, the Food and Drug Administration approved the first
effective vaccine against Human Papillomavirus, a sexually
transmitted infection that is one of the major causes of cervical
cancer. On the heels of this approval, which represents a crucial
breakthrough in the efforts of scientists, doctors and public
health officials to combat the spread of STDs in the United
States and elsewhere, the Medical College of Georgia announced
today that significant strides have been made towards the
development of another STD vaccine, which will protect against
There is a pressing need to develop an effective protection
against this disease. Genital herpes affects one out of every four
American women and one out of every five American men, according to
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Although it is not
life-threatening in adults, it is particularly dangerous to babies;
transmission of the virus from the mother to the child during
pregnancy or childbearing...
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