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DefinitionGenital herpes is a sexually transmitted viral infection affecting the skin or mucous membranes of the genitals.Alternative NamesHerpes - genital; Herpes simplex - genital; Herpesvirus 2; HSV-2Causes, incidence, and risk factorsGenital herpes is caused by two viruses:Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) causes most cases of genital herpes. HSV-2 can be spread through secretions from the mouth or genitals. Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) most often causes herpes infections of the mouth and lips (commonly called cold sores or fever blisters). HSV-1 can spread from the mouth to the genitals during oral sex.Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is spread from one person to another during sexual contact. You may be infected with herpes when your skin, vagina, penis, or mouth comes into contact with someone who already has herpes.Herpes is most likely to be transmitted by contact with the skin of an infected person who ...
DefinitionHerpes simplex is a viral infection that mainly affects the mouth or genital area.Causes, incidence, and risk factorsThere are two strains of herpes simplex viruses:Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is usually associated with infections of the lips, mouth, and face. It is the most common herpes simplex virus and many people develop it in childhood. HSV-1 often causes sores (lesions) inside the mouth, such as cold sores (fever blisters), or infection of the eye (especially the conjunctiva and cornea). It can also lead to infection of the lining of the brain (meningoencephalitis). It is transmitted by contact with infected saliva. By adulthood, 30 - 90% of people will have antibodies to HSV-1. The likelihood of childhood infection is higher among those with lower socioeconomic status.Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) is usually sexually transmitted. Symptoms include genital ulcers or sores. However, some people with HSV-2 have no symptoms. Up to 30% of adults in the U.S. have a...
Resourceswww.ashastd.org -- American Social Health Associationwww.niaid.nih.gov -- National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseaseswww.cdc.gov/std/herpes -- Centers for Disease Control and Preventionwww.herpes-foundation.org -- American Herpes Foundationwww.herpesalliance.org -- International Herpes Alliancewww.gotherpes.com -- Herpes support sitewww.niaid.nih.gov/dmid/stds/herpevac -- Herpevac (herpes vaccine) clinical trial information
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