FROM OUR EXPERTS
Open gallbladder removal is surgery to remove the gallbladder.
Cholecystectomy - open
In gallbladder removal surgery, a surgeon makes a large incision (cut) in your belly to open it up and see the area. The surgeon then removes your gallbladder by reaching in through the incision and gently lifting it out.
Surgery is done while you are under general anesthesia (unconscious and unable to feel pain).
The surgeon will make a 5 to 7 inch incision in the upper right part of your belly, just below your ribs. The surgeon will cut the bile duct and blood vessels that lead to the gallbladder. Then your gallbladder will be removed.
A special x-ray called a cholangiogram will be done during the surgery. This involves squirting some dye into your common bile duct. This duct will be left inside you after your gallbladder has been removed. The dye helps locate other stones that may be outside your gallbladder. If any...
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Gallstone fragmentation by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) may be an appropriate therapy for some patients who cannot undergo surgery, but it is no longer widely used. The treatment works best on solitary stones that are less than 2 centimeters in diameter. Less than 15% of patients are good candidates for lithotripsy. The typical procedure is performed as follows: The patient sits in a tub of water. High-energy, ultrasound shock waves are directed through the abdominal wall toward the stones. The shock waves travel through the soft tissues of the body and break up the stones. The stone fragments are then usually small enough to be passed through the bile duct and into the intestines. Lithotripsy is generally combined with oral dissolution treatment to help dissolve the fragmented pieces of the original gallstone. Complications. Complications include pain in the gallbladder area and pancreatitis, usually occurring within a month of treatment...
Definition A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the chest is a noninvasive imaging method that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create detailed pictures of the chest (thoracic) area. Unlike x-rays and computed tomographic ( CT ) scans, which use radiation, MRI uses powerful magnets and radio waves. The MRI scanner contains the magnet. The magnetic field produced by an MRI is about 10 thousand times greater than the Earth's. The magnetic field forces hydrogen atoms in the body to line up in a certain way (similar to how the needle on a compass moves when you hold it near a magnet). When radio waves are sent toward the lined-up hydrogen atoms, they bounce back, and a computer records the signal. Different types of tissues send back different signals. Single MRI images are called slices. The images can be stored on a computer or printed on film. One exam produces dozens or sometimes hundreds of images. See also: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Alternative Names Nuclear magnetic res...
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