When we live with pain on a daily basis, we often wonder if a new pain is something we should be concerned about. It can be particularly difficult to tell if you have a condition like fibromyalgia, where the pain typically moves around from day to day. Right or wrong, most of us wait to see if the pain gets worse before getting it checked out. But when it's chest pain, we naturally wonder if we could be having a heart attack. Heart Attack Symptoms So how do we know when chest pain is something to worry about? Following are signs that can indicate a possible heart attack: • Uncomfortable pain, pressure, squeezing or fullness in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes. • Discomfort that spreads to other areas of the upper body including the back, neck, jaw, stomach, shoulders, or one or both arms. • Shortness of breath. • Sweating, anxiety, nausea, or lightheadedness. • A feel...
I often said the surgery part of my cancer treatment was the easiest. Not that there were no problems, but there was less pain than I expected and fewer side effects compared to chemo or radiation. I didn’t know that post-mastectomy pain and complications may come years later. One study found that up to one-half of mastectomy patients report pain three years out from surgery, and one-third reported pain nine years later.
The pain can come from damaged nerves, cut muscles, surgical adhesions, or changes in movement and posture following surgery. I’ve had all of these problems over the years following my radical mastectomy . The nerve damage that gave me creepy feelings along the scar and down the back of my arm got better over time, and I learned to compensate for the muscles I no longer had.
A few years ago, I started having pain along my sternum and collarbone that turned out to be from surgical adhesions. My skin was stick...
Mycobacterial culture of bone marrow is a test to determine if tuberculosis or another similar bacteria are present in the bone marrow.
Culture - mycobacterial of bone marrow
How the test is performed
A bone marrow aspiration or biopsy is performed. A sample of bone marrow is placed in culture media specific for tuberculosis and other similar bacteria. It is then examined for growth at routine intervals. Sometimes an acid-fast stain is done initially to help with the diagnosis.
How to prepare for the test
You must sign an informed consent form before the bone marrow biopsy. It is important to remain as still as possible during the test. There is no other special preparation.
How the test will feel
The skin over the biopsy or aspiration site (usually the back of the hip or the sternum) will be cleansed. An anesthetic will be injected into the skin surrounding the site to numb the site. Even wi...
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