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I often said the surgery part of my cancer treatment was the easiest. Not that there were no problems, but there was less pain than I expected and fewer side effects compared to chemo or radiation. I didn’t know that post-mastectomy pain and complications may come years later. One study found that up to one-half of mastectomy patients report pain three years out from surgery, and one-third reported pain nine years later.
The pain can come from damaged nerves, cut muscles, surgical adhesions, or changes in movement and posture following surgery. I’ve had all of these problems over the years following my radical mastectomy . The nerve damage that gave me creepy feelings along the scar and down the back of my arm got better over time, and I learned to compensate for the muscles I no longer had.
A few years ago, I started having pain along my sternum and collarbone that turned out to be from surgical adhesions. My skin was stick...
Mycobacterial culture of bone marrow is a test to determine if tuberculosis or another similar bacteria are present in the bone marrow.
Culture - mycobacterial of bone marrow
How the test is performed
A bone marrow aspiration or biopsy is performed. A sample of bone marrow is placed in culture media specific for tuberculosis and other similar bacteria. It is then examined for growth at routine intervals. Sometimes an acid-fast stain is done initially to help with the diagnosis.
How to prepare for the test
You must sign an informed consent form before the bone marrow biopsy. It is important to remain as still as possible during the test. There is no other special preparation.
How the test will feel
The skin over the biopsy or aspiration site (usually the back of the hip or the sternum) will be cleansed. An anesthetic will be injected into the skin surrounding the site to numb the site. Even wi...
Definition Pectus excavatum describes an abnormal formation of the rib cage that gives the chest a caved-in or sunken appearance. Alternative Names Funnel chest Considerations Pectus excavatum is a congenital (present at birth) abnormality that can be mild or severe. It is caused by too much growth of the connective tissue that joins the ribs to the breastbone. This causes the sternum to malform inward. The child typically has a depression in the center of the chest over the sternum, and this may appear quite deep. If pectus excavatum is severe, it may affect the heart and lungs, making exercise difficult. Also, the appearance of the chest may cause psychological difficulty for the child. Pectus excavatum may occur as the only abnormality, or together with other syndromes. Common Causes Pectus excavatum will often occur by itself without any family history or other defects or problems. Other causes include: Familial pectus excavatum Marfan syndrome Poland syndrome Rickets
You should know
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