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Symptoms Symptoms of Lyme disease are diverse and often occur in early and late phases. They vary widely from person to person. Any one symptom may fail to appear, and symptoms may overlap in various combinations. Death from Lyme disease is extremely rare and occurs only in rare cases when the heart is severely affected. Typical Course Stage 1 . In the majority of cases, the first sign of early Lyme disease is the appearance of a bull's-eye skin rash. It usually develops about 1 - 2 weeks after the bite, although it may appear as soon as 3 days, and as late as 1 month. In some cases, it is never detected. Flu-like symptoms (joint aches, fever, and general fatigue) commonly develop. Stage 2 . Untreated, the infection spreads through the bloodstream and lymph nodes within days to weeks, involving the joints, nervous system, and possibly the heart. Multiple rashes may erupt in other places. If the infection affects the nervous system in stage 2, it most often affects the facial nerve causing w...
Lyme disease was discovered in 1975 after large numbers of children were diagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in Lyme, Connecticut and two neighboring communities. Researchers discovered that deer ticks infected with Borrelia burgdoferi were the cause of this arthritis outbreak.
A red rash, and flu-like symptoms are usually the first indicators of Lyme disease. Lyme disease can also cause arthritis, heart problems and other medical issues.
Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics. If people are not treated for Lyme disease, or inadequately treated they may develop arthritis that can last for months or even years.
Some doctors treat an active Lyme infection with many different antibiotics for months or years. Not all doctors agree with this approach. They question the benefit of this therapy and point to the possibility that drug-resistant strains of bacteria may develop as a result of the extensive use of antibiotics.
The Borrelia bacteria may sprea...
Treatment Antibiotics are the drugs used for treating all phases of Lyme disease. In nearly all cases they can cure Lyme, even in later stages. Preventive Antibiotics after a Tick Bite According to guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), people bitten by deer ticks should not routinely receive antibiotics to prevent the disease. A single dose of the antibiotic doxycycline may be given in situations that meet all of the following conditions: The tick is still attached to the patient and is positively identified as an adult or nymphal I. scapularis (the tick that carries the Lyme disease B. burgdorferi spirochete). Doxycycline treatment can be started within 72 hours of the tick bite. There is proof that at least 20% of ticks in that geographic area are infected with B. burgdorferi . It is safe for the patient to receive doxycycline (this drug should not be given to pregnant women or children younger than 8 years of age). In general, the risk of developing Lyme disease ...
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