Gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs in up to 50% of pregnant women. As in the non-pregnant patients, reflux occurs when there is a decrease in lower esophageal sphincter pressure or an increase in intra-abdominal pressure. The two major factors that promote gastroesophageal reflux in pregnant women are changes in hormones and the growing fetus. Changes in levels of estrogen and progesterone result in a decrease in the lower esophageal sphincter pressure thereby increasing acid reflux . Additionally, the growing fetus causes an increase in intra-abdominal pressure, resulting in an increase in the development of reflux.
What can be done to prevent or treat gastroesophageal reflux disease in pregnancy? Lifestyle modifications can prevent increases in intra-abdominal pressure and decreases in lower esophageal sphincter pressure that promote reflux. Here's a list of both ways to prevent and treat gastroesophageal reflux in pregnancy.
1. Elevation of the head of the bed. Gra...
We have almost made it through the last of outdoor allergy season. Ragweed has run its course in most of the U.S. while mold spores try to survive the declining temperatures of the Midwest and Northeast. Currently outdoor mold, weather changes and shared germs are leading factors in the escalation of cough, wheezing, runny nose and sinus congestion plaguing many of us. Although many areas of the country will soon see a dramatic decline in outdoor mold counts as the first hard frost approaches, the common cold virus is here to wreak havoc for several more months.
As a parent, I know there is nothing more frustrating than hearing your child cough all night. During the fall and winter months, the common cold virus is often the culprit responsible for upper respiratory tract infections and asthma attacks in adults and children. Stopping the cough becomes a main goal for surviving work, school and sleep time.
The Chicago Tribune published an article about the shortcomings of ...
Generic Name: GUAIFENESIN/DEXTROMETHORPHAN/DECONGESTANT -
ORAL Cough Syrup Oral Uses
Guaifenesin is used to treat coughs and congestion caused
by the common cold, bronchitis, and other breathing illnesses. This product is
usually not used for ongoing cough from smoking or long-term breathing problems
(such as chronic bronchitis, emphysema) unless directed by your doctor.
Guaifenesin is an expectorant. It works by thinning and loosening mucus in the
airways, clearing congestion, and making breathing easier.
If you are self-treating with this medication, it is
important to read the package instructions carefully before you start using
this product to be sure it is right for you. (See also Precautions
Cough-and-cold products have not been shown to be safe or
effective in children younger than 6 years. Therefore, do not use this product
to treat cold symptoms in children younger than 6 years unless specifically
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