What does one do if she experiences major chest pains and medical examinations reveal no heart or BP abnormalities? This is a particularly good question because it applies to all fields of medicine, and to all people who at some time in their lives will become patients (Yes, even doctors). If a person is experiencing symptoms that are not accompanied by signs of disease, or evidence in the form of an abnormal test, the diagnostic work-up will sometimes cease. Yet the patient still has the symptoms. What should be done? First, were all the elements of your complaint dealt with? Please see my prior posting about preparing for a visit to a cardiologist . It is appropriate for a visit to any physician. Second, what constitutes a full work-up for chest pain? This is actually different depending upon the likelihood of different processes causing the discomfort. Arteriosclerotic coronary artery disease is quite unlikely in very young people (but congenital disease may be more ...
Bone graft material is used whenever there's a need for extra bone to support a fracture site or defect in the bone. It's easily available (taken from the patient's pelvic bone) and inexpensive. And it is bone inductive (fosters bone growth) to provide structural support to the damaged area. The downside is that the graft site can be painful for a very long time. In some cases, infection can delay recovery. Patients often report difficulty walking due to the pain. And the combination of pain and impaired walking result in loss of function. To help patients avoid the major and minor complications of bone graft, scientists are exploring the use of bone substitutes. One of those bone substitutes ( alpha-BSM ) is the subject of this study. Patients with an acute fracture of the tibial plateau were the subject of this multicenter study. Twelve study sites from around the North American continent were involved. The tibial plateau is the flat top of the upper portion of the tibia (lower leg bone...
Pain and aches in your bones and joints can range from mild discomfort that goes away by itself to severe aches that require medication. Arthritis can cause bone and joint pain. Cancer spreading (metastasizing) into a bone also causes pain.
Some breast cancer treatments may cause bone or joint pain:
Arimidex (chemical name: anastrozole)
Aromasin (chemical name: exemestane)
Femara (chemical name: letrozole)
Evista (chemical name: raloxifene)
Fareston (chemical name: toremifene)
Faslodex (chemical name: fulvestrant)
Some pain medications, such as Feldene (chemical name: piroxicam) also can cause bone or joint pain. Bisphosphonates, medicines used to treat osteoporosis, may cause bone or joint pain. Common bisphosphonates are Fosamax (chemical name: alendronate sodium), Actonel (chemical name: risedronate), and Boniva (chemical name: ibandronate).
Managing bone or joint pain
If you have bone or joint pain, talk to your doctor. If your bone p...
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