Definition His bundle electrography is a test that measures electrical activity in a part of the heart that carries the signals that control the time between heartbeats (contractions). Alternative Names His bundle electrogram; HBE; His bundle recording; Electrogram - His bundle How the test is performed The bundle of His is a group of fibers that carry electrical impulses through the center of the heart. If these signals are blocked, you will have problems with your heartbeat. The His bundle electrography is part of an electrophysiology (EP) study. You are given a mild sedative before the test. An intravenous catheter (IV line) is inserted into your arm so that you can be given medicines during the test. Electrocardiogram (ECG) leads are placed on your arms and legs. Your arm, neck, or groin will be cleaned and numbed with a local anesthetic. After the area is numb, the cardiologist makes a small cut in a vein and inserts a thin tube called a catheter inside. The catheter is carefully moved t...
I suffer from Chronic migraines I have been seeing a specialist for them he started giving me nerve block shots in the right side of my head right above my right ear. The last injection was in October 2011 by the middle of November I noticed a big indention starting at the hairline of my forehead and extending past the injection sight. Could this indention be from the injections? Will it ever go away? I have noticed that where the needle entered there is a tender spot and if I touch it, rub, or comb my hair I get a tingling sensation on the back of my head. Please help! Pamela.
Sometimes, injections of steroids can cause tissue atrophy or wastage and often this is temporary and returns to normal skin tissue in contour, etc... We can't explain the sensitivity of the skin, though; hope it too gets better.
Good luck, John Claude Krusz and Teri Robert
Scientists around the world are looking for the best way to treat chronic pain patients. But finding evidence that supports the best practice model isn't always easy. In this article, researchers from the Netherlands ask the question, Are we measuring what we need to measure? Many quality studies with high levels of evidence don't provide guidance for real life situations. Patients may be given one type of treatment for the duration of the study. If the symptoms get worse or they aren't helped, they must still finish out the study. In clinical practice, changes are made right away in treatment based on patient needs, wants, and individual characteristics. Sometimes research results reported depend on how the study was conducted. How the data was collected, measured, and analyzed can make a difference. It's not uncommon for different approaches to yield different results for the same group. How do we know which interpretation is correct? Because of these problems and other research dilemm...
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