Acute gastritis is a sudden inflammation of the stomach lining.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Acute gastritis may be caused by:
Certain medications, such as aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or corticosteroids
Eating or drinking corrosive substances
Infections, such as the bacteria Helicobacter pylori , or much less often, cytomegalovirus or herpes simplex virus
Acute gastritis is often associated with a severe, acute illness or trauma. The following increase your risk of acute gastritis:
Aspirin or NSAID use
Recent heavy alcohol use
Treatment Treatment depends on the specific cause. Some of the causes will disappear over time. You may need to stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or other medicines that may be causing gastritis, but only after you talk with your health care provider. You may use other over-the-counter and prescription drugs that decrease the amount of acid in the stomach, such as: Antacids H2 antagonists: famotidine (Pepsid), cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), and nizatidine (Axid) Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) -- omeprazole (Prilosec), esomeprazole (Nexium), iansoprazole (Prevacid), rabeprazole (AcipHex), and pantoprazole (Protonix) Antacids may be used to treat chronic gastritis caused by infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria. Support Groups Expectations (prognosis) The outlook depends on the cause, but is usually good. Complications Blood loss and increased risk of gastric cancer are possible complications. Calling your health care provider Call for an appointment with your health care pro...
Mitral insufficiency; Acute mitral regurgitation
-- unrelated to coronary artery disease or a heart attack
Shortness of breath
that increases when lying flat (orthopnea)
Sensation of feeling the heart beat ( palpitations )
Note: Symptoms may start suddenly.
Signs and tests
The doctor may detect a thrill (vibration) over the heart when feeling ( palpating ) the chest area. An extra heart sound (S4 gallop) and a distinctive heart murmur may be heard when listening to the chest with a stethoscope. However, some patients may not have this murmur. If fluid backs up into the lungs, there may be crackles heard in the lungs.
is usually normal.
The following tests may be performed:
Chest MRI scan
- may also show fluid in the lungs or prominent lu...
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