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By definition gastritis is inflammation of the stomach lining (gastro = stomach, it is = inflammation). For years, I thought gastritis and reflux (GERD) were pretty much the same thing. Recently though, I've been reading more about gastritis and how it is similar but different than reflux. It is possible to have both reflux and gastritis but you can also have them separately.
A little bit of anatomy may help explain the difference between gastritis and GERD. Where the esophagus meets the stomach there's a sphincter (known as the lower esophageal or cardiac sphincter). This sphincter allows food into the stomach and helps to keep food from backwashing up into the esophagus. Some reflux is normal. When the acid irritates the lining of the esophagus the result is GERD. The symptoms of this are the classic heartburn symptoms as well as the less well known symptoms of chronic cough, voice changes, etc.
So, while GERD is related to irritation in the esophagus, gastritis is rel...
About two months ago, I injured myself during kickboxing. I think I was doing a squat and turned my knee inward.
My knee hurt afterward, but I figured that maybe once I had my next dose of Humira, it would feel better. This was kind of nonsensical because while I’ve had knee pain with my arthritis, it hasn’t been one of the more significant areas of my body impacted by my arthritis.
So I let it go. My Humira dose came and went, and my knee still hurt.
I wasn’t really paying that much attention to the knee pain, but the kicker (no pun intended) was when, in another episode of kickboxing, I did a side plank (if you don’t know what that is, see: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/core-strength/SM00047&slide=12 ), putting all of my weight on my knee, and it completely collapsed.
After a week of the pain getting worse, I went to the doctor, and was told that I had misaligned my kneecap. I was sent to p...
Mitral insufficiency; Acute mitral regurgitation
-- unrelated to coronary artery disease or a heart attack
Shortness of breath
that increases when lying flat (orthopnea)
Sensation of feeling the heart beat ( palpitations )
Note: Symptoms may start suddenly.
Signs and tests
The doctor may detect a thrill (vibration) over the heart when feeling ( palpating ) the chest area. An extra heart sound (S4 gallop) and a distinctive heart murmur may be heard when listening to the chest with a stethoscope. However, some patients may not have this murmur. If fluid backs up into the lungs, there may be crackles heard in the lungs.
is usually normal.
The following tests may be performed:
Chest MRI scan
- may also show fluid in the lungs or prominent lu...
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