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Alternative Names Variant angina; Angina - variant; Prinzmetal's angina Symptoms Spasm may be "silent" -- without symptoms -- or it may result in chest pain or angina. If the spasm lasts long enough, it may even cause a heart attack. The main symptom is a type of chest pain called angina, which can be felt under the chest bone and is described as: Constricting Crushing Pressure Squeezing Tightness It is usually severe. The pain may spread to the neck, jaw, shoulder, or arm. The pain: Often occurs at rest May occur at the same time each day, usually between midnight and 8:00 AM Lasts from 5 to 30 minutes The person may lose consciousness. Unlike angina that is caused by hardening of the coronary arteries, chest pain and shortness of breath are often not present when you walk or exercise. Signs and tests Tests to diagnose coronary artery spasm may include: Coronary angiography ECG Echocardiography
My shoulder hurts...is it osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is a very common problem. Most people know someone who is dealing with arthritis of at least one joint. Spine, hips, knees, and hands are the most common places for osteoarthritis to cause symptoms. However, any joint can be affected and a common question I hear when a patient presents with shoulder pain is: Do I have arthritis?
First, a bit of anatomy -- the shoulder is composed of two separate joints:
(1) the acromioclavicular joint where the collarbone meets the shoulder bone (2) the glenohumeral joint where the ball of the humerus articulates with the shoulder blade (scapula). Both joints can be affected by osteoarthritis. It is relatively uncommon for osteoarthritis to develop in the glenohumeral joint without a history of trauma or previous injury. We'll discuss that in a minute. First, let's review the acromioclavicular joint.
Causes of Shoulder Pain Besides Arthritis The glenohumeral joint is the most mobile j...
Shoulder pain is a common malady that becomes more common with age. Most of us go from day to day without giving a thought as to how we use our shoulders. But anyone who has experienced shoulder pain knows just how important the joint is to daily living. Causes and Risk Factors Age is one of the major factors physicians use to classify and diagnose the condition. The sources of shoulder pain are numerous, including falls and other injuries such as rotator cuff injuries , osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis , tendinitis and stiffness resulting from strains , or alternatively, lack of use. Symptoms and Signs Some of the most common conditions and symptoms associated with shoulder pain are: Tissue tears. Injuries and overuse of the shoulder can cause tears in the tendons or cartilage that help hold the joint together. Pain usually serves notice of the tear, but some types of cartilage damage can produce a clicking sound with movement. Weakness in a shoulder, such as an inability to raise one ...
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