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Everyone who goes into surgery for a total knee replacement (TKR) knows the leg is weak from pain and disuse. When and how does muscle strength come back after the operation? Studies show that many patients have weakness and loss of function that can go on for years. Electrical stimulation of the muscles improves strength in young adults. What effect will it have on older adults after a TKR? Physical therapists enrolled patients who were having both knees replaced at the same time in a study of electrical stimulation. Having subjects with both knees replaced gave researchers a chance to use electrical stimulation on only one side. Results were then compared to the patients' own knee that did not get electrical stimulation. Two groups were formed in this study. One group received the same exercises for both legs. The other group received neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES). The NMES group did exercise on one side and exercise along with NMES on the weaker leg. Everyone started th...
Treatment - back strain
A common misconception about back pain is that you need to rest and avoid activity for a long time. In fact, bed rest is NOT recommended. If you have no sign of a serious cause for your back pain (such as loss of bowel or bladder control, weakness, weight loss, or fever), then you should stay as active as possible. Here are some tips for how to handle back pain and activity early on:
Stop normal physical activity only for the first few days. This helps calm your symptoms and reduce any swelling (inflammation) in the area of the pain.
Apply heat or ice to the painful area. One good method is to use ice for the first 48 to 72 hours, then use heat after that.
Take over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB) or acetaminophen (Tylenol).
Sleep in a curled-up, fetal position with a pillow between your legs. If you usually sleep on your back, place ...
Definition Eye muscle repair is surgery to correct eye muscle problems that cause crossed (misaligned) eyes. The medical term for crossed eyes is strabismus . Alternative Names Repair of cross-eye; Resection and recession; Strabismus repair; Extraocular muscle surgery Description The goal of this surgery is to allow the eye muscles to be in proper position and help the eyes move correctly. Eye muscle surgery is usually done on children, but adults who have similar eye problems may also have it done. Children will usually receive general anesthesia for the procedure. They will be asleep and will not feel pain. Depending on the problem, one or both eyes may have surgery. After the anesthesia has taken effect, the eye surgeon makes a small surgical cut in the clear tissue covering the white of the eye. This tissue is called the conjunctiva . Then the surgeon will locate one or more of the eye muscles that needs surgery. Sometimes the surgery strengthens the muscle, and sometimes it weakens it. To s...
You should know
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