There are times it is normal for the heart to beat harder, such as if you are out hiking and encounter a bear. Your blood pressure will jump so larger levels of oxygenated, nutrient rich blood is sent through your system and you are able to react. All part of the flight or fight response.
When you are diagnosed for high blood pressure your blood pressure is not just high for limited periods of time. It is consistently elevated. This means the heart is constantly working harder than it should.
Here are 7 reasons your heart may be dealing with this increased workload:
1. Atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries) - This may be caused by cholesterol deposits along arterial walls resulting in plaque buildup. Fibrosis or endothelial dysfunction may also result in narrower arteries. When arteries narrow the heart has to pump harder (exert more force) to move blood throughout the system.
2. Overweight and obesity - Fat is a tissue that requires a constant blood s...
When you are feeling overly anxious, your heart rate might quicken , you may have sweaty palm s, experience shaking or chest pain . Your blood pressure may go up. But once the situation resolves itself and the anxiety provoking moment is over, your body returns to normal. Your heart rate slows, the chest pain disappears and your blood pressure lowers.
Short -Term Effects on Blood Pressure
The rise in blood pressure from anxiety is normally short-lived. Once you are no longer anxious, your blood pressure returns to normal. According to experts, periodic rises in your blood pressure aren’t necessarily dangerous and “There is no evidence that high anxiety and stress can cause long-term high blood pressure,” according to Dr. Melinda Stanley, a professor in the Psychiatric and Behavioral Sciences Department at Baylor College of Medicine. 
Long-Term Effects on Blood Pressure
Periodic spikes in your blood pressure may not be dangerous but if these occur on a regular b...
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