Today I would like to review some of the primary causes of High Blood Pressure .
In most cases, there is no clear cause of high blood pressure. The term “essential hypertension” is used in these instances. Doctors can often treat the high blood pressure but never cure it. However, there are some causes of high blood pressure which can not only be treated, but also be cured.
The body sometimes needs to increase blood pressure to maintain adequate flow of blood to the brain and other vital organs. For example, if the kidneys sense a decrease in blood flow they assume it is due to low blood pressure. The kidneys then produce a hormone to elevate the blood pressure. In reality, the cause of decreased blood flow may have nothing to do with low blood pressure at all. A blockage in the pipes through which the blood is delivered to the kidneys (renal arteries) may cause less blood. The kidneys may thus raise blood pressure unnecessarily. This type of high blood pressure is difficult to treat...
There are times it is normal for the heart to beat harder, such as if you are out hiking and encounter a bear. Your blood pressure will jump so larger levels of oxygenated, nutrient rich blood is sent through your system and you are able to react. All part of the flight or fight response.
When you are diagnosed for high blood pressure your blood pressure is not just high for limited periods of time. It is consistently elevated. This means the heart is constantly working harder than it should.
Here are 7 reasons your heart may be dealing with this increased workload:
1. Atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries) - This may be caused by cholesterol deposits along arterial walls resulting in plaque buildup. Fibrosis or endothelial dysfunction may also result in narrower arteries. When arteries narrow the heart has to pump harder (exert more force) to move blood throughout the system.
2. Overweight and obesity - Fat is a tissue that requires a constant blood s...
Introduction High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is elevated pressure of the blood in the arteries. Hypertension results from two major factors, which can be present independently or together: The heart pumps blood with excessive force. The body's smaller blood vessels (known as the arterioles ) narrow, so that blood flow exerts more pressure against the vessels' walls. Blood pressure is the force applied against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood through the body. The pressure is determined by the force and amount of blood pumped and the size and flexibility of the arteries. Although the body can tolerate increased blood pressure for months and even years, eventually the heart may enlarge (a condition called hypertrophy ), which is a major factor in heart failure .
Click the icon to see an image of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Such pressure can also injure blood vessels in the heart, kidneys, the brain, and the eyes. Two numbers are used to describe blood pressure: ...
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