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High blood pressure or hypertension is a cardiovascular disease that is very difficult to detect. Medical professionals often diagnose high blood pressure when they are conducting regular annual checkups. The symptoms and signs of high blood pressure are extremely subtle; therefore, you may live with the disease for many years without knowing that you have it. Unfortunately, without detection, it can result in excruciating damage to your heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other parts of the body.
The damage that high blood pressure induces often leads to coronary heart disease , kidney failure or stroke . Medical experts sugge...
Medications Several classes of drugs are used to treat hypertension. Diuretics Diuretics help the kidneys get rid of excess salt and water. They are the mainstays of anti-hypertensive therapy and are often the first type of drug selected for most people with hypertension. They are also especially helpful for treating patients with heart failure, patients with isolated systolic hypertension, the elderly, and African-Americans. (African-Americans are more likely to be salt-sensitive, so they respond well to these drugs.) They also work well for patients with diabetes. Diuretics are often used in combination with other antihypertensive drugs. There is strong evidence that diuretics work just as well as newer drugs in lowering blood pressure and are more effective in preventing heart failure, heart attack, and stroke. Diuretic Types and Brands. The three main types of diuretics include: Thiazide diuretics. These include chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Hygroton), indapamide (Lozol), hyd...
Hypertension is blood pressure that is often higher than 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
HBP; Blood pressure - high
Blood pressure can vary throughout the day and change with activity. A blood pressure measurement has two numbers:
The top (systolic) number is the blood pressure during the heartbeat.
The bottom (diastolic) number is the blood pressure between beats.
According to the American Heart Association, adults should normally have a blood pressure less than 120/80 mm Hg.
Pre-hypertension is when the top number is 120-139 mm Hg and the bottom number is over 80-89 mm Hg on most measurements. If you have pre-hypertension, you are likely to develop high blood pressure at some time in your life, unless you make lifestyle changes.
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pr...
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