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High blood pressure or hypertension is a cardiovascular disease that is very difficult to detect. Medical professionals often diagnose high blood pressure when they are conducting regular annual checkups. The symptoms and signs of high blood pressure are extremely subtle; therefore, you may live with the disease for many years without knowing that you have it. Unfortunately, without detection, it can result in excruciating damage to your heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other parts of the body.
The damage that high blood pressure induces often leads to coronary heart disease , kidney failure or stroke . Medical experts sugge...
There are times it is normal for the heart to beat harder, such as if you are out hiking and encounter a bear. Your blood pressure will jump so larger levels of oxygenated, nutrient rich blood is sent through your system and you are able to react. All part of the flight or fight response.
When you are diagnosed for high blood pressure your blood pressure is not just high for limited periods of time. It is consistently elevated. This means the heart is constantly working harder than it should.
Here are 7 reasons your heart may be dealing with this increased workload:
1. Atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries) - This may be caused by cholesterol deposits along arterial walls resulting in plaque buildup. Fibrosis or endothelial dysfunction may also result in narrower arteries. When arteries narrow the heart has to pump harder (exert more force) to move blood throughout the system.
2. Overweight and obesity - Fat is a tissue that requires a constant blood s...
Introduction High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is elevated pressure of the blood in the arteries. Hypertension results from two major factors, which can be present independently or together: The heart pumps blood with excessive force. The body's smaller blood vessels (known as the arterioles ) narrow, so that blood flow exerts more pressure against the vessels' walls. Blood pressure is the force applied against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood through the body. The pressure is determined by the force and amount of blood pumped and the size and flexibility of the arteries. Although the body can tolerate increased blood pressure for months and even years, eventually the heart may enlarge (a condition called hypertrophy ), which is a major factor in heart failure .
Click the icon to see an image of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Such pressure can also injure blood vessels in the heart, kidneys, the brain, and the eyes. Two numbers are used to describe blood pressure: ...
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