what number's must you have to be consider borderline and what number range to be considered to be diabetic such as type 2 diabectic and type 1
Diagnosis of diabetes is based on blood sugar measurements. The difference between type 1 (childhood onset, also known as , insulin dependent) and type 2 (adult onset, though increasing this type is found in kids and sometimes needs to be treated with insulin) is not based on blood sugar levels, but in the mechanisms that raise blood sugar.
Fasting glucose levels (taken from the blood after you have not eaten anything since midnight the night prior) above 140 mg/dl on at least two occations are diagnosic for diabetes. Anything above 110mg/dl but less than 140mg/dl after fasting is considered impaired impaired glocose tolerence. There is a formal test, called a glucose tolerance test, that involves ingesting a specified amount of glucose and lthen measuring how the blood sugar levels increase and fall. Likely, anybody with a blood sugar level about 200 mg/dl on at least 2 occasions without fasting is likely diabetic and needs to be treated.
To your health,
A normal fasting blood glucose is below 100 mg/dl. Pre-diabetes is when your fasting blood glucose is between 100-125 mg/dl. If your fasting blood glucose is greater than 126 mg/dl, you're MD will probably diagnose you as diabetic.
Type I versus Type II diabetes:
Type I - Typically children and young adults. Use to be referred to as juvenile diabetes. Occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin.
Type II - More common form of diabetes when the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells do not respond to the insulin.
If you are concerned about diabetes, it is best to consult with your MD to determine your fasting blood glucose and risk for diabetes or appropriate treatment if you're diabetic.
All the best,
Lisa Nelson, RD, LN
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