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High blood pressure or hypertension is a cardiovascular disease that is very difficult to detect. Medical professionals often diagnose high blood pressure when they are conducting regular annual checkups. The symptoms and signs of high blood pressure are extremely subtle; therefore, you may live with the disease for many years without knowing that you have it. Unfortunately, without detection, it can result in excruciating damage to your heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other parts of the body.
The damage that high blood pressure induces often leads to coronary heart disease , kidney failure or stroke . Medical experts sugge...
High blood pressure is a serious condition that requires treatment. Here are answers to five frequently asked questions you need to know.
What is high blood pressure?
Blood pressure measures the force pushing against your artery walls when your heart beats and when it rests. The systolic pressure (top number) measures the pressure against your artery walls when your heart beats (contracts) and pushes blood throughout circulation. The diastolic pressure (bottom number) is the pressure against your artery walls when your heart relaxes (in between beats). High blood pressure is diagnosed when the pressure against artery walls is higher than normal. Another term for high blood pressure is hypertension .
The Joint National Committee defines four blood pressure categories. Very High Range - Stage 2 Hypertension Systolic (top) blood pressure 160 mm Hg or high Diastolic (bottom) blood pressure 100 mm Hg or higher If in this range you have hypertension (high blood pressu...
References Adrogu HJ, Madias NE. Sodium and potassium in the pathogenesis of hypertension. N Engl J Med. 2007 May 10;356(19):1966-78. AHA; ACC; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Smith SC Jr, Allen J, Blair SN, Bonow RO, Brass LM, Fonarow GC, et al. AHA/ACC guidelines for secondary prevention for patients with coronary and other atherosclerotic vascular disease: 2006 update endorsed by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. J Am Coll Cardiol . 2006 May 16;47(10):2130-9. Barzilay JI, Davis BR, Cutler JA, Pressel SL, Whelton PK, Basile J, et al. Fasting glucose levels and incident diabetes mellitus in older nondiabetic adults randomized to receive 3 different classes of antihypertensive treatment: a report from the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT). Arch Intern Med . 2006 Nov 13;166(20):2191-201. Bellamy L, Casas JP, Hingorani AD, Williams DJ. Pre-eclampsia and risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer in later life: systemati...
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