FROM OUR EXPERTS
Risk Factors After the flu and common cold, urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common medical complaint among women in their reproductive years. UTIs are far more common among women than among men. Most women will develop a UTI at some time in their lives, and many will have recurrences. Specific Risk Factors in Women Structure of the Female Urinary Tract. In general, the higher risk in women is mostly due to the shortness of the female urethra, which is 1.5 inches compared to 8 inches in men. Bacteria from fecal matter at the anal opening can be easily transferred to the opening of the urethra. The female and male urinary tracts are similar except for the length of the urethra. Sexual Behavior. Frequent or recent sexual activity is the most important risk factor for urinary tract infection in young women. Nearly 80% of all urinary tract infections in premenopausal women occur within 24 hours of intercourse. UTIs are very rare in celibate women. However, UTIs are NOT sexually tra...
Causes The bacterial strains that cause UTIs include: Escherichia (E.) coli is responsible for most uncomplicated cystitis cases in women, especially in younger women. E. coli is generally a harmless microorganism originating in the intestines. If it spreads to the vaginal opening, it may invade and colonize the bladder, causing an infection. The spread of E. coli to the vaginal opening most commonly occurs when women or girls wipe themselves from back to front after urinating, or after sexual activity. Staphylococcus saprophyticus accounts for 5 - 15% of UTIs, mostly in younger women. Klebsiella , Enterococci bacteria, and Proteus mirabilis account for most of remaining bacterial organisms that cause UTIs. They are generally found in UTIs in older women. Rare bacterial causes of UTIs include ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis , which are typically harmless organisms. Organisms in Severe or Complicated Infections The bacteria that cause kidney infections ( pyelonephritis ) are general...
For people with Alzheimer's disease, urinary tract infections (UTIs) can present particular difficulties. Later stage Alzheimer's disease is associated with increased difficulties in communication. Therefore, someone with a UTI, might be experiencing pain and discomfort yet be unable to articulate this. However, sudden changes in behavior, such as aggression , anxiety, violence, may be an indication that something is physically wrong. People with Alzheimer's get sick too, but far too often, their change in behavior is attributed to dementia rather than from a physical cause.
Urinary tract infections are more common in older people, people who are bedridden or who require total nursing care, those who are catheterized, or who use continence aids and in people whose immune system is compromised.
Symptoms of UTI include the following:
Urine looks cloudy or milky. It may look a reddish color in serious cases of urine infection if blood is present.
Urine often smells of...
You should know
Answers to your question are meant to provide general health information but should not replace medical advice you receive from a doctor. No answers should be viewed as a diagnosis or recommended treatment for a condition. Content posted by community members does not necessarily reflect the views of Remedy Health Media, which also reserves the right to remove material deemed inappropriate.