The results of this study challenge current thinking on follow-up treatment after microfracture. Microfracture is an arthroscopic operation for cartilage tears in the knee. The surgeon makes several holes in the layer of bone underneath the damaged cartilage. This brings blood to the injured cartilage and speeds up healing. Right now doctors are following a standard rehab program. The patient puts no weight on the leg and uses continuous passive motion (CPM). CPM is done with a device that slowly bends and straightens the knee over and over. The idea is to use CPM to put "dynamic" (moving) pressure but no weight through the joint to enhance healing. In this study two groups of patients were compared. Group one was treated with the standard rehab (non-weight bearing and CPM). CPM was done for at least six to eight hours each day for six weeks. Group two was allowed to walk on the leg and didn't use CPM. Patient results were followed for up to six years. The researchers report no differenc...
Leg lengthening and shortening are types of surgery to treat some children who have legs of unequal lengths.
These procedures may:
Lengthen an abnormally short leg
Shorten an abnormally long leg
Limit growth of a normal leg to allow a short leg to grow to a matching length
Epiphysiodesis; Epiphyseal arrest; Correction of unequal bone length; Bone lengthening; Bone shortening; Femoral lengthening; Femoral shortening
This series of treatments involves several surgical procedures, a long recovery period, and a number of risks -- but it can add up to 6 inches of length to a leg.
While the child is under general anesthesia:
The bone to be lengthened is cut.
Metal pins or screws are inserted through the skin and into the bone. Pins are placed above and below the cut in the bone, and the surgical cut in the skin is stitched closed.
A metal device (usually some ...
America is fast becoming a hairless nation. To help achieve that goal, there are many methods to become free of unwanted hair. Once they reach puberty, American women start the ritual of removing unsightly hair from their legs, underarms, bikini area, eyebrows and upper lip. These days, it's not uncommon for young men to join in the ritual. "I've noticed in the past 10 to 15 years how men -- not only women -- have become more conscious about body hair than ever before," says Peter Lamas, a beauty consultant and owner of Lamas Beauty International, with offices in Santa Monica , Calif. and Houston , Texas , and owner of www.beautywalk.com. "Body hair is just not acceptable anymore. Period." To do this, both men and women use electric shavers, depilatories (creams and lotions), razors, electrolysis, lasers and waxes. While shaving is still the most popular method, waxing runs a close second (along with depilatories) as the hair remover of choice. Waxing at Ho...
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