Pathophysiology is functional changes associated with or resulting from disease or injury and the study of those changes. When related to Migraine attacks, the pathophysiology of a Migraine attack would mean the changes in how the brain and central nervous stem function when a Migraine is triggered and during the Migraine attack. We could discuss the pathophysiology of how the triggers themselves work -- what changes occur when we encounter a trigger. We could discuss the pathophysiology of a Migraine attack -- what happens to the blood vessels, the nerves and tissues surrounding the blood vessels, the levels of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and norepinephrine. All of these discussions would be about the pathophysiology of Migraine, something that is still not fully understood. Researchers are making advances, however. The most recent article we published about Migraine research that was related to pathophysiology is Why Hangovers May Be Worse for Migraine Suffer...
An Italian study has shown that people who have both Migraines and hypertension have a higher probability of cerebrovascular events than patients with hypertension alone.
In a session on Migraine and hypertension at the European Society of Hypertension European Meeting on Hypertension in Milan, Dr. Enrico Agabiti-Resei stated:
"The prevalence of hypertension and migraine comorbidity is clinically rare, but doctors should pay attention when they see this, because it might help identify patients at risk of an event. Migraine might be considered as a factor to be included in the score for risk of stroke." 1
In an interview, he commented,
"When a young person has hypertension it's important, particularly if it's a woman, to look for the possible presence of migraine. Once comorbidity is found, it's very important to make an appropriate screening of cardiovascular risk factors, because what a doctor can do is try to reduce as much as possible these risk factors that are correctab...
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a highly life-threatening disease that affects thousands of Americans daily. The disease is generally detected/diagnosed during regular checkups with your primary physician. Many people are at risk simply because they live unhealthy lifestyles. Today I will talk about an uncommon type of high blood pressure that irritates the veins called "portal hypertension."
The portal vein is responsible for delivering blood to the liver from the digestive organs. When there is an increase in the pressure inside this vein, a condition called portal hypertension occurs. A severe blockage of the blood flow traveling through the liver causes such pressure. More so, the overwhelming stress in the portal vein induces large veins to develop across the esophagus and stomach. The large veins or varices are used to bypass the blockage.
Although there are limited causes for this condition, the symptoms and complications are vast. Most often, portal hypert...
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