Pathophysiology is functional changes associated with or resulting from disease or injury and the study of those changes. When related to Migraine attacks, the pathophysiology of a Migraine attack would mean the changes in how the brain and central nervous stem function when a Migraine is triggered and during the Migraine attack. We could discuss the pathophysiology of how the triggers themselves work -- what changes occur when we encounter a trigger. We could discuss the pathophysiology of a Migraine attack -- what happens to the blood vessels, the nerves and tissues surrounding the blood vessels, the levels of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and norepinephrine. All of these discussions would be about the pathophysiology of Migraine, something that is still not fully understood. Researchers are making advances, however. The most recent article we published about Migraine research that was related to pathophysiology is Why Hangovers May Be Worse for Migraine Suffer...
Hypertension; HBP; Blood pressure - high
Adults over 18 should have their blood pressure checked regularly.
Lifestyle changes may help control your blood pressure.
Follow your health care provider's recommendations to modify, treat, or control possible causes of high blood pressure.
Goldstein LB, Bushnell CD, Adams RJ, Appel LJ, Braun LT, Chaturvedi S, et al. Guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke . 2011 Feb;42:517-84.
Kaplan NM. Systemic hypertension: Treatment. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine . 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 46 .
Victor, RG. Systemic hypertension: Mechanisms and diagnosis. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Card...
Definition Drug-induced hypertension is high blood pressure caused by using a chemical substance, drug, or medication. See also: High blood pressure Alternative Names Hypertension - medication related Causes, incidence, and risk factors Blood pressure is determined by the: Amount of blood the heart pumps Condition of the heart valves Pumping power of the heart Size and condition of the arteries There are several types of high blood pressure. Essential hypertension has no cause that can be found. Secondary hypertension occurs because of another disorder. Drug-induced hypertension is a form of secondary hypertension caused by a response to medication. Drugs that can cause hypertension include: Alcohol, amphetamines, ecstasy (MDMA and derivatives), and cocaine Corticosteroids Cyclosporine Erythropoietin Estrogens (including birth control pills) and other hormones Many over-the-counter medications such as cough/cold and asthma medications -- particularly when the cough/cold medicine is taken with certain ant...
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