Pathophysiology is functional changes associated with or resulting from disease or injury and the study of those changes. When related to Migraine attacks, the pathophysiology of a Migraine attack would mean the changes in how the brain and central nervous stem function when a Migraine is triggered and during the Migraine attack. We could discuss the pathophysiology of how the triggers themselves work -- what changes occur when we encounter a trigger. We could discuss the pathophysiology of a Migraine attack -- what happens to the blood vessels, the nerves and tissues surrounding the blood vessels, the levels of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and norepinephrine. All of these discussions would be about the pathophysiology of Migraine, something that is still not fully understood. Researchers are making advances, however. The most recent article we published about Migraine research that was related to pathophysiology is Why Hangovers May Be Worse for Migraine Suffer...
Hypertension; HBP; Blood pressure - high
Adults over 18 should have their blood pressure checked regularly.
Lifestyle changes may help control your blood pressure.
Follow your health care provider's recommendations to modify, treat, or control possible causes of high blood pressure.
Goldstein LB, Bushnell CD, Adams RJ, Appel LJ, Braun LT, Chaturvedi S, et al. Guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke . 2011 Feb;42:517-84.
Kaplan NM. Systemic hypertension: Treatment. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine . 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 46 .
Victor, RG. Systemic hypertension: Mechanisms and diagnosis. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Card...
An Italian study has shown that people who have both Migraines and hypertension have a higher probability of cerebrovascular events than patients with hypertension alone.
In a session on Migraine and hypertension at the European Society of Hypertension European Meeting on Hypertension in Milan, Dr. Enrico Agabiti-Resei stated:
"The prevalence of hypertension and migraine comorbidity is clinically rare, but doctors should pay attention when they see this, because it might help identify patients at risk of an event. Migraine might be considered as a factor to be included in the score for risk of stroke." 1
In an interview, he commented,
"When a young person has hypertension it's important, particularly if it's a woman, to look for the possible presence of migraine. Once comorbidity is found, it's very important to make an appropriate screening of cardiovascular risk factors, because what a doctor can do is try to reduce as much as possible these risk factors that are correctab...
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