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Osteonecrosis of the hip, a condition in which the bone tissue in the hip dies, affects mainly young, active patients. Its origin is unknown, making it more difficult to treat. The authors of this study undertook a research of the literature to find previously completed studies that investigated the causes and treatments for osteonecrosis of the hip. The researchers reviewed the article for etiology (origin of the disease), pathophysiology (changes associated with the injury), evaluations, and both surgical and non-surgical treatments. The researchers found that although no distinct cause for osteonecrosis of the hip has been found, some factors appeared to be involved in the development. Among those were consumption of alcohol, high doses of corticosteroids, and abnormal clotting of the blood ( coagulation , as well as some genetic factors. For evaluations, physicians have been relying on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which has a 99 percent accuracy rate in detecting osteonecrosis o...
We live in inflammatory times. When you inflame a situation, you provoke, you incite, and you rabble rouse. The outcome of this seditious onslaught? Irritation, swelling, redness, i.e. inflammation. Inflammation is derived from the Latin word inflammatio , to set on fire whether burning old ideologies about Wall Street, Race, Energy, International Relations or even medical dogma.
Thus, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease of great moment. In the world of inflammation research, so much great work has emerged based on MS clinical and laboratory models, that it is hard to deny top drawer status for this classical immune disorder of the nervous system. By extension, we have recently learned that inflammation in the brain may trigger Alzheimer Disease and inflamed gums can lead to Stroke. Of course, we have known for decades the Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus- SLE) involves inflammation throughout the body, at times inflaming the brain.
MS is first an inflammatory disorde...
Hypertension; HBP; Blood pressure - high
Adults over 18 should have their blood pressure checked regularly.
Lifestyle changes may help control your blood pressure.
Follow your health care provider's recommendations to modify, treat, or control possible causes of high blood pressure.
Goldstein LB, Bushnell CD, Adams RJ, Appel LJ, Braun LT, Chaturvedi S, et al. Guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke . 2011 Feb;42:517-84.
Kaplan NM. Systemic hypertension: Treatment. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine . 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 46 .
Victor, RG. Systemic hypertension: Mechanisms and diagnosis. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Card...
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