HBP; Blood pressure - high
Ask your doctor how often you should have your blood pressure checked. Some people may need to check their blood pressure regularly at home.
Medicines and lifestyle changes, such as exercising and following a health diet, may be needed. If you have other risk factors for heart disease, especially diabetes, your doctor will consider starting medications sooner rather than later. The goal is to lower your blood pressure below 140/90, or below 130/80 if you have diabetes or kidney disease.
Call your health care provider if
If you have high blood pressure, you will have regularly scheduled appointments with your doctor.
Call your health care provider right away if home monitoring shows that your blood pressure remains high or you have any of the following symptoms:
Nausea and vomiting
Shortness of breath
Medications Several classes of drugs are used to treat hypertension. Diuretics Diuretics help the kidneys get rid of excess salt and water. They are the mainstays of anti-hypertensive therapy and are often the first type of drug selected for most people with hypertension. They are also especially helpful for treating patients with heart failure, patients with isolated systolic hypertension, the elderly, and African-Americans. (African-Americans are more likely to be salt-sensitive, so they respond well to these drugs.) They also work well for patients with diabetes. Diuretics are often used in combination with other antihypertensive drugs. There is strong evidence that diuretics work just as well as newer drugs in lowering blood pressure and are more effective in preventing heart failure, heart attack, and stroke. Diuretic Types and Brands. The three main types of diuretics include: Thiazide diuretics. These include chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Hygroton), indapamide (Lozol), hyd...
It is estimated that one in four adults (approximately 50 million) in the United States has elevated blood pressure – and more than 30 percent of them are unaware of it. Since people with hypertension may not exhibit any symptoms, their high blood pressure is often undiagnosed until complications occur. It has been proven that blood pressure screening facilitates early diagnosis and treatment. Proper treatment clearly reduces the risk of the complications associated with hypertension. Blood pressure Blood pressure is the force exerted against artery walls as blood is carried through the circulatory system. The measurement of force is made in relation to the heart's pumping activity, and is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). The higher number, or systolic pressure, is the measurement of pressure that occurs when the ventricle of the heart contracts or beats. The lower number, or diastolic pressure, is the measurement recorded between beats, while the heart is ...
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