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If you've been told you have high blood pressure you should be thankful for a timely diagnosis. For many people their high blood pressure goes undiagnosed years, and this can be a very dangerous situation.
Essential or primary hypertension It's thought that more than 9 in 10 people with high blood pressure have 'primary hypertension,' which means that there's no single clear cause of it.
However, it is known that certain factors in your lifestyle can contribute to developing the conditions, including:
Your family history
Being of Afro-Caribbean or South Asian origin
Being overweight or obese
Having an unhealthy diet
Drinking alcohol - especially if you binge drink
Lack of exercise
Secondary hypertension Around 1 in 20 people with high blood pressure have 'secondary hypertension'. This means it's linked to another cause, for example:
Kidney conditions such as kidney infection or kidney disease
Narrowing of the arteries
Every time I see the doctor, my visit always starts with a step onto the scales followed by a check of my blood pressure. I've never paid too much attention to the these mundane tasks. In fact, I'm usually more interested in my weight than my blood pressure. I guess it's because my weight sometimes fluctuates while my blood pressure is never a concern. It's always where it needs to be. However, when I had the flu last month, I visited my doctor to make sure I didn't have pneumonia . Luckily, I didn't have pneumonia but my blood pressure registered low for the first time in my life. It wasn't a concern, though, since I had been so sick. I'm just happy it wasn't high because high blood pressure can cause real problems, especially if it's not treated. It seems people with high blood pressure aren't taking it as seriously as they should. According to a report in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association, many states, e...
Introduction High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is elevated pressure of the blood in the arteries. Hypertension results from two major factors, which can be present independently or together: The heart pumps blood with excessive force. The body's smaller blood vessels (known as the arterioles ) narrow, so that blood flow exerts more pressure against the vessels' walls. Blood pressure is the force applied against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood through the body. The pressure is determined by the force and amount of blood pumped and the size and flexibility of the arteries. Although the body can tolerate increased blood pressure for months and even years, eventually the heart may enlarge (a condition called hypertrophy ), which is a major factor in heart failure .
Click the icon to see an image of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Such pressure can also injure blood vessels in the heart, kidneys, the brain, and the eyes. Two numbers are used to describe blood pressure: ...
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