FROM OUR EXPERTS
If you've been told you have high blood pressure you should be thankful for a timely diagnosis. For many people their high blood pressure goes undiagnosed years, and this can be a very dangerous situation.
Essential or primary hypertension It's thought that more than 9 in 10 people with high blood pressure have 'primary hypertension,' which means that there's no single clear cause of it.
However, it is known that certain factors in your lifestyle can contribute to developing the conditions, including:
Your family history
Being of Afro-Caribbean or South Asian origin
Being overweight or obese
Having an unhealthy diet
Drinking alcohol - especially if you binge drink
Lack of exercise
Secondary hypertension Around 1 in 20 people with high blood pressure have 'secondary hypertension'. This means it's linked to another cause, for example:
Kidney conditions such as kidney infection or kidney disease
Narrowing of the arteries
There are times it is normal for the heart to beat harder, such as if you are out hiking and encounter a bear. Your blood pressure will jump so larger levels of oxygenated, nutrient rich blood is sent through your system and you are able to react. All part of the flight or fight response.
When you are diagnosed for high blood pressure your blood pressure is not just high for limited periods of time. It is consistently elevated. This means the heart is constantly working harder than it should.
Here are 7 reasons your heart may be dealing with this increased workload:
1. Atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries) - This may be caused by cholesterol deposits along arterial walls resulting in plaque buildup. Fibrosis or endothelial dysfunction may also result in narrower arteries. When arteries narrow the heart has to pump harder (exert more force) to move blood throughout the system.
2. Overweight and obesity - Fat is a tissue that requires a constant blood s...
Hypertension is blood pressure that is often higher than 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
HBP; Blood pressure - high
Blood pressure can vary throughout the day and change with activity. A blood pressure measurement has two numbers:
The top (systolic) number is the blood pressure during the heartbeat.
The bottom (diastolic) number is the blood pressure between beats.
According to the American Heart Association, adults should normally have a blood pressure less than 120/80 mm Hg.
Pre-hypertension is when the top number is 120-139 mm Hg and the bottom number is over 80-89 mm Hg on most measurements. If you have pre-hypertension, you are likely to develop high blood pressure at some time in your life, unless you make lifestyle changes.
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pr...
You should know
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