Although dehydration can occur any time of the year, we're starting into the time of year when it is more likely to occur.
Did you know that the human body is 65% water? Simply put, dehydration occurs as the result of excessive loss of
water from the body, when we lose more water than we take in. It's a
bit more complicated than that since the body loses valuable
electrolytes as well. That's why sports drinks have become so popular;
they replenish electrolytes as well as just fluid. Dehydration can be a
major issue, both in and of itself and as a headache or Migraine trigger .
Let's take a look at dehydration, what it does to the body, how
to treat it, and -- perhaps most importantly -- how to prevent it. Read Dehydration - An Avoidable Migraine Trigger .
Alternative Names Muscle pain; Myalgia; Pain - muscles Home Care For muscle pain from overuse or injury, rest that body part and take acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Apply ice for the first 24 - 72 hours of an injury to reduce pain and inflammation. After that, heat often feels more soothing. Muscle aches from overuse and fibromyalgia often respond well to massage. Gentle stretching exercises after a long rest period are also helpful. Regular exercise can help restore proper muscle tone. Walking, cycling, and swimming are good aerobic activities to try. A physical therapist can teach you stretching, toning, and aerobic exercises to feel better and stay pain-free. Begin slowly and increase workouts gradually. Avoid high-impact aerobic activities and weight lifting when injured or while in pain. Be sure to get plenty of sleep and try to reduce stress. Yoga and meditation are excellent ways to help you sleep and relax. If home measures aren't working, call your doctor, who will consider prescriptio...
Even when healthy, drink plenty of fluid every day. Drink more when the weather is hot or you are exercising.
Carefully monitor someone who is ill, especially an infant, child, or older adult. If you believe that dehydration is developing, consult a doctor before the person becomes moderately or severely dehydrated. Begin fluid replacement as soon as vomiting and diarrhea start -- DO NOT wait for signs of dehydration.
Always encourage the person to drink during an illness, and remember that a person's fluid needs are greater when that person has fever, vomiting, or diarrhea. The easiest signs to monitor are urine output (there should be frequent wet diapers or trips to the bathroom), saliva in the mouth, and tears when crying.
Barkin RM, Ward DG. Infectious diarrheal diseases and dehydration. In: Marx J, ed. Rosens Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice . 6th ed. St Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2006:chap 171.
Landry GL. Hea...
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