Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a blood clot in the cavernous sinus. The cavernous sinus is a cavity at the base of the brain that contains a vein, several nerves, and other structures. The vein carries deoxygenated blood from the brain and face back to the heart.
The vein and cavity run between the large bone at the base of the skull (sphenoid bone) and temporal bone (near the temple).
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The cause of cavernous sinus thrombosis is usually a bacterial infection that has spread from the sinuses, teeth, ears, eyes, nose, or skin of the face. Persons with conditions that cause an increased risk of blood clots may also develop cavernous sinus thrombosis.
Streptococcal bacteria are extremely versatile and common. Able to invade almost any part of the body, streptococci cause a host of diseases. These microbes are divided into more than a dozen different groups, based on the proteins they harbor in their cell walls and their characteristics as determined by laboratory tests. A list of some of the most troublesome categories or species of streptococcus and the diseases for which they are well known includes: Group A: strep throat , scarlet fever , rheumatic fever , impetigo , toxic streptococcal syndrome, streptococcal kidney disease , blood infections Group B: blood infections in newborns, meningitis , childhood fever Groups C, D, G, H, K: urinary tract infections, heart infections, meningitis, upper and lower respiratory tract infections Streptococcus mutans: dental caries (cavities) Streptococcus pneumonia : Pneumonia , ear infections, meningitis, sinus infections There are more than 80 known types of Group A streptococcus, which can cause more than...
Generic Name: PSEUDOEPHEDRINE - ORAL Pronounced: (sue-doh-eff-ED-rin) Nasal & Sinus Decongestant Oral Uses
Pseudoephedrine is used for the temporary relief of stuffy
nose and sinus pain/pressure caused by infection (such as the common cold, flu)
or other breathing illnesses (such as hay fever, allergies, bronchitis).
Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant (sympathomimetic). It works by narrowing the
blood vessels to decrease swelling and congestion.
If you are self-treating with this medication, it is
important to read the manufacturer's package instructions carefully so you know
when to consult your doctor or pharmacist. (See also Precautions
Cough-and-cold products have not been shown to be safe or
effective in children younger than 6 years. Do not use this product in children
younger than 6 years unless specifically directed by the doctor. Long-acting
tablets/capsules are not recommended for use in children younger than 12 y...
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