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ComplicationsBacterial sinusitis is nearly always harmless (although uncomfortable and sometimes even very painful). If an episode becomes severe, antibiotics generally eliminate further problems. In rare cases, however, sinusitis can be very serious.Osteomyelitis. Adolescent males with acute frontal sinusitis are at particular risk for severe problems. One important complication is infection of the bones (osteomyelitis) of the forehead and other facial bones. In such cases, the patient usually experiences headache, fever, and a soft swelling over the bone known as Pott's puffy tumor.Infection of the Eye Socket. Infection of the eye socket, or orbital infection, which causes swelling and subsequent drooping of the eyelid, is a rare but serious complication of ethmoid sinusitis. In these cases, the patient loses movement in the eye, and pressure on the optic nerve can lead to vision loss, which is sometimes permanent. Fever and severe illness are usually present.Blood Clot. Blood clots...
Streptococcal bacteria are extremely versatile and common. Able to invade almost any part of the body, streptococci cause a host of diseases. These microbes are divided into more than a dozen different groups, based on the proteins they harbor in their cell walls and their characteristics as determined by laboratory tests.A list of some of the most troublesome categories or species of streptococcus and the diseases for which they are well known includes:Group A: strep throat, scarlet fever, rheumatic fever, impetigo, toxic streptococcal syndrome, streptococcal kidney disease, blood infectionsGroup B: blood infections in newborns, meningitis, childhood feverGroups C, D, G, H, K: urinary tract infections, heart infections, meningitis, upper and lower respiratory tract infectionsStreptococcus mutans: dental caries (cavities)Streptococcus pneumonia: Pneumonia, ear infections, meningitis, sinus infectionsThere are more than 80 known types of Group A streptococcus, which can cause more than...
Stimulant medications have been the traditional treatment for ADHD for many years. Some people, however, do not tolerate these types of medications, cannot take them because of other medical conditions, find they do not help or are not comfortable using stimulant medication. Strattera, a non-stimulant medication has been approved to treat ADHD: Strattera but some doctors also prescribe blood pressure medications, such as clonidine (Catapres) and guanfacine (Tenex, Intuniv), to help manage ADHD symptoms.
Some of these medications are prescribed off-label, which means they are prescribed for a use other than what the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved them for based on clinical data and experience. For example, Tenex has been approved to treat children between the ages of 6 and 17 but Catapres has not been approved to treat ADHD.
Guanfacine (Intuniv, Tenex) has been found to help improve the following symptoms:
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