<p><strong>What Is Sinusitis?</strong></p>
<p>Sinusitis is an inflammation, usually due to infection, of one or more of the four sets of sinus cavities within each side of the facial skeleton. When irritated, the mucous membrane lining the sinus may swell and block the small drainage channels that permit mucus to flow into the nose. The buildup in pressure often results in headache, nasal congestion, drainage and facial pain. Acute sinusitis is a common disorder that often follows a cold or flu; chronic sinusitis refers to persistent or recurrent episodes that are generally milder than acute cases. Sinusitis often subsides on its own and responds well to home treatment. Rarely, infection may spread to the eyes or brain, possibly leading to vision loss, meningitis, or brain abscess.</p>
<p><strong>Who Gets Sinusitis? </strong></p>
<p>Approximately 15% of people in the United States suffe...
Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a blood clot in the cavernous sinus. The cavernous sinus is a cavity at the base of the brain that contains a vein, several nerves, and other structures. The vein carries deoxygenated blood from the brain and face back to the heart.
The vein and cavity run between the large bone at the base of the skull (sphenoid bone) and temporal bone (near the temple).
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The cause of cavernous sinus thrombosis is usually a bacterial infection that has spread from the sinuses, teeth, ears, eyes, nose, or skin of the face. Persons with conditions that cause an increased risk of blood clots may also develop cavernous sinus thrombosis.
Stimulant medications have been the traditional treatment for ADHD for many years. Some people, however, do not tolerate these types of medications, cannot take them because of other medical conditions, find they do not help or are not comfortable using stimulant medication. Strattera, a non-stimulant medication has been approved to treat ADHD: Strattera but some doctors also prescribe blood pressure medications, such as clonidine (Catapres) and guanfacine (Tenex, Intuniv), to help manage ADHD symptoms.
Some of these medications are prescribed off-label , which means they are prescribed for a use other than what the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved them for based on clinical data and experience. For example, Tenex has been approved to treat children between the ages of 6 and 17 but Catapres has not been approved to treat ADHD.
Guanfacine (Intuniv, Tenex) has been found to help improve the following symptoms:
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