Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most commonly diagnosed disorder of the gastrointestinal tract in the United States. It accounts for about 30 percent of all referrals to gastroenterologists, and this condition contributes significantly to health care costs. It used to be a diagnosis of exclusion where numerous medical tests needed to be completed with negative results in order to finally make the diagnosis. Over the years, it has been determined that patients with IBS tend to experience specific symptoms, which have been summed up in diagnostic criteria by the gastroenterology community.
As a result of these Rome criteria, it is recommended that IBS be diagnosed according to these symptom-based criteria. Using these criteria along with outlined “alarm symptoms” has helped minimize the use of diagnostic testing that could have potential to unnecessarily place someone at risk for adverse risks or complications. The cause of IBS remains incompletely understood an...
April is Irritable Bowel Syndrome Awareness Month, so we'd like to discuss this disorder and its connection to osteoporosis.
One in five people suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and approximately 30-60% of those with IBS also have osteoporosis.
What is IBS?
According to the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder characterized most commonly by cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea. IBS causes a great deal of discomfort and distress, but it does not permanently harm the intestines and does not lead to a serious disease, such as cancer. Most people can control their symptoms with diet, stress management, and prescribed medications. For some people, however, IBS can be disabling. They may be unable to work, attend social events, or even travel short distances (NIH Publication No. 07-693, September 2007).
Researchers have yet to discover any specific cause for IBS. One theory is that people who su...
Definition Tenesmus is the feeling that you constantly need to pass stools, even though your bowels are already empty. It may involve straining, pain, and cramping. Alternative Names Pain - passing stool; Painful stools; Difficulty passing stool Considerations Tenesmus usually occurs with inflammatory diseases of the bowels. These diseases may be caused by an infection or other conditions. It can also occur with diseases that affect the normal movements of the intestines. Such diseases are called motility disorders. Persons with tenesmus may push very hard (strain) to try to empty their bowels, but they pass little stool. Common Causes Anorectal abscess Colorectal cancer or tumors Crohn's disease Infection of the colon (infectious colitis) Inflammation of the colon or rectum from radiation (radiation proctitis or colitis) Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) Movement (motility) disorder of the intestines Ulcerative colitis
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