Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) refers to a disorder that involves abdominal pain and cramping, as well as changes in bowel movements.
It is not the same as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis .
Spastic colon; Irritable colon; Mucous colitis; Spastic colitis
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
There are many possible causes of IBS. For example, there may be a problem with muscles in the intestine, or the intestine may be more sensitive to stretching or movement. There is no problem with the structure of the intestine.
It is not clear why patients develop IBS, but in some instances, it occurs after an intestinal infection. This is called postinfectious IBS. There may also be other triggers.
Stress can worsen IBS. The colon is connected to the brain through nerves of the autonomic nervous system. These nerves become more active during times of stress, and can cause th...
The foods you eat may cause, worsen, or relieve constipation .
Normal poop (stool) patterns are different for everyone. Some people may have a bowel movement more than once a day while others may have one every 2 to 3 days. Normal stools should not be painful or difficult to pass.
Constipation is defined as bowel movements that are infrequent, hard or difficult to pass. Constipation may be a chronic (long-term) problem or occur occasionally. It may result from medications, a medical condition, not enough activity, or a diet too low in fiber or fluid.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most commonly diagnosed disorder of the gastrointestinal tract in the United States. It accounts for about 30 percent of all referrals to gastroenterologists, and this condition contributes significantly to health care costs. It used to be a diagnosis of exclusion where numerous medical tests needed to be completed with negative results in order to finally make the diagnosis. Over the years, it has been determined that patients with IBS tend to experience specific symptoms, which have been summed up in diagnostic criteria by the gastroenterology community.
As a result of these Rome criteria, it is recommended that IBS be diagnosed according to these symptom-based criteria. Using these criteria along with outlined “alarm symptoms” has helped minimize the use of diagnostic testing that could have potential to unnecessarily place someone at risk for adverse risks or complications. The cause of IBS remains incompletely understood an...
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