Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) refers to a disorder that involves abdominal pain and cramping, as well as changes in bowel movements.
It is not the same as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis .
Spastic colon; Irritable colon; Mucous colitis; Spastic colitis
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
There are many possible causes of IBS. For example, there may be a problem with muscles in the intestine, or the intestine may be more sensitive to stretching or movement. There is no problem with the structure of the intestine.
It is not clear why patients develop IBS, but in some instances, it occurs after an intestinal infection. This is called postinfectious IBS. There may also be other triggers.
Stress can worsen IBS. The colon is connected to the brain through nerves of the autonomic nervous system. These nerves become more active during times of stress, and can cause th...
Anyone who has ever been anxious, even for the shortest period of time, knows the way their stomach grumbles in sympathy. It perhaps shouldn't be surprising to learn therefore that one of the most common physical complaints associated with anxiety is Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Having said that, anxiety may not be the cause of IBS. In fact it still isn't really clear what the relationship is between IBS and anxiety, except for the fact that it seems to exist. We know, for example, that relief from stress can help to ease the symptoms associated with the syndrome. We also know that certain changes to diet and lifestyle can have positive effects.
The cause of IBS may not be known, but its association with anxiety and stress and the lack of any obvious organic cause, make it an easy target to be considered psychosomatic. There are however a number of other possible candidates for the condition, a review of which can be found on the Mayo Clinic website.
IBS (sometimes st...
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a condition of chronic pain and sensory changes that can occur after trauma to an arm or a leg. The initial injury may be minor or severe. Pain is the main feature of CRPS, but changes in blood flow to the skin, increased sweating, and swelling are common symptoms. Movement disorders (MDs) such as tremor or dystonia develop in up to half the patients with CRPS. Dystonia is an abnormal twisting posture of the hand or foot. In this study from the Netherlands, patients with CRPS and dystonia are compared to patients with CRPS who do not have MDs. The authors tried to find out what causes the MDs to develop. They looked at age, duration of symptoms, type of injury, and severity of symptoms as possible factors that cause MDs to develop. They were able to come to several conclusions after comparing the two groups. First, the patients who developed dystonia were younger than patients in the group without dystonia. The length of time between the start of ...
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