Definition An abdominal MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan is a imaging test that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create pictures of the inside of the belly area. It does not use radiation (x-rays). Single MRI images are called slices. The images can be stored on a computer or printed on film. One exam produces dozens or sometimes hundreds of images. Alternative Names Nuclear magnetic resonance - abdomen; NMR - abdomen; Magnetic resonance imaging - abdomen; MRI of the abdomen How the test is performed You may be asked to wear a hospital gown or clothing without metal fasteners (such as sweatpants and a t-shirt). Certain types of metal can cause blurry images. You will lie on a narrow table, which slides into a large tunnel-shaped scanner. Some exams require a special dye (contrast). The dye is usually given before the test through a vein (IV) in your hand or forearm. The dye helps the radiologist see certain areas more clearly. During the MRI, the person who operates the machine wi...
Definition Joint swelling is the buildup of fluid in the soft tissue surrounding the joint. Alternative Names Swelling of a joint Considerations Joint swelling may occur along with joint pain . The swelling may cause the joint to appear larger or abnormally shaped. Joint swelling can cause pain or stiffness. After an injury, swelling of the joint may mean you have a broken bone or a tear in the muscle tendon or ligament. Many different types of arthritis may cause swelling, redness, or warmth around the joint. An infection in the joint can cause swelling, pain, and fever. Common Causes Joint swelling may be caused many different things, including: Ankylosing spondylitis Gout Osteoarthritis Pseudogout Psoriatic arthritis Reactive arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis Septic arthritis Systemic lupus erythematosus
Under the International Headache Society's International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd Edition (ICHD-3) abdominal migraine is a primary headache disorder that falls under the category of episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine. It's seen mainly in children, but can occur in adults as well.
ICHD-3 Information on Abdominal Migraine
ICHD-3 Description of Abdominal Migraine:
"An idiopathic disorder seen mainly in children as recurrent attacks of moderate to severe midline abdominal pain, associated with vasomotor symptoms, nausea and vomiting, lasting 2–72 hours and with normality between episodes. Headache does not occur during these episodes."
ICHD-3 Diagnostic Criteria:
At least five attacks fulfilling criteria B–D
Pain has at least two of the following characteristics:
midline location, periumbilical or poorly localised
dull or ‘just sore’ quality
moderate or severe intensity
During abdominal pain at least two of the following:
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