<p><strong>What Is Diarrhea? </strong></p>
<p>Acute diarrhea—the passage of frequent, loose, or watery stools—is not a disease itself but rather a symptom of an underlying disorder.</p>
<p>As food passes through the digestive system, its water content is normally absorbed through the wall of the large intestine. Diarrhea—and, at times, dehydration—results when fluid is not absorbed but remains in and is expelled with the fecal matter.</p>
<p>Although diarrhea usually subsides without treatment within two or three days, resulting dehydration can be serious and often requires prompt treatment.</p>
<p><strong>Who Gets Diarrhea? </strong></p>
<p>In more than 90 percent of cases, acute diarrhea is caused by infectious agents (e.g., viruses, bacteria, parasites) that are ingested in food and water. ...
The stool C. difficile toxin test detects harmful substances produced by the bacterium Clostridium difficile ( C. difficile) in a stool sample. This infection is a common cause of diarrhea after antibiotic use.
How the test is performed
A sample of a stool is submitted for laboratory analysis. There are several methods used to detect C. difficile toxin in the stool specimen.
Today, an enzyme immunoassay ( EIA ) is most often used to detect substances produced by the bacteria. The EIA is faster than previous culture tests, simpler to perform, and results are available in about an hour. However, it is slightly less sensitive than previous methods. Several stool samples may be needed to get an accurate result.
How to prepare for the test
There are many ways to collect the samples. You can catch the stool on plastic wrap that is loosely placed over the toilet bowl and held in place by the toilet seat. Then you put the sample in a clean container. One ...
Diarrhea can be one of the more uncomfortable and embarrassing complications
of cancer. We've all had it - enough said. People with cancer are prone to frequent
loose or watery stools for many reasons. Chemotherapy, radiation, surgery, bone
marrow transplant, and stress can all lead to diarrhea, and certain types of
cancer can cause diarrhea directly. In addition to causing social and physical
discomfort, uncontrolled diarrhea can be a serious health threat. Though the
condition is not typically preventable, there are some ways to find relief.
A number of cancer treatments can lead to diarrhea. Chemotherapeutic agents
target fast - growing cells, which is why these medications kill cancer cells.
Unfortunately these agents can also damage the intestinal lining, which is
filled with fast-growing cells, leading to diarrhea and other complications. In
a similar fashion, radiation therapy directed at the abdomen or pelvis can lead
to diarrhea by killing the rapidly-growing cells of ...
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