FROM OUR EXPERTS
Definition Ischemic colitis is a sudden swelling (inflammation) of part of the large intestine (colon) that occurs when there is a temporary loss of, or reduction in, blood flow to the colon. Alternative Names Colonic ischemia Causes, incidence, and risk factors Ischemic colitis mainly affects people over 50. Many of them have a history of peripheral vascular disease . Other risk factors include: Atrial fibrillation Blockage of the large bowel Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Congestive heart failure Diabetes High blood pressure Irritable bowel syndrome Low blood pressure Past aortic surgery in which damage occurred to the artery that supplies the colon Rheumatoid arthritis Use of medications that cause constipation
Mini stroke; TIA; Little stroke
The goal is to prevent a stroke from occurring.
If you have had a TIA within the last 48 hours, you will likely be admitted to the hospital so that doctors can determine the cause and treatment.
Underlying disorders such as high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and blood disorders, should be treated appropriately.
Blood thinners, such as aspirin, may be prescribed to reduce blood clotting. Others include dipyridamole, clopidogrel, Aggrenox or heparin, Coumadin, or other similar medications. You may be treated for an indefinite time period.
Surgery ( carotid endarterectomy ) may be appropriate for some people who have clogged neck arteries.
If you smoke, you should stop.
Your health care provider may recommend a low-fat, low-salt diet. Other dietary changes may be recommended.
TIAs do not cause lasting damage to the brain.
Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a term that doctors use to describe patients who have reduced heart pumping (squeezing) due to coronary artery disease. These patients often have congestive heart failure.
"Ischemic" means that an organ (such as the heart) is not getting enough blood and oxygen. "Cardio" means heart and "myopathy" means muscle-related disease.
Coronary artery disease
Ischemic heart disease; Cardiomyopathy - ischemic
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Ischemic cardiomyopathy results when the arteries that bring blood and oxygen to the heart are blocked. There is usually a buildup of cholesterol and other substances, called plaque, in the arteries that bring oxygen to heart muscle tissue. Over time, the heart muscle does not work well, and it is more difficult for the heart to fill and pump blood to the body.
You should know
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