Definition Ischemic colitis is a sudden swelling (inflammation) of part of the large intestine (colon) that occurs when there is a temporary loss of, or reduction in, blood flow to the colon. Alternative Names Colonic ischemia Causes, incidence, and risk factors Ischemic colitis mainly affects people over 50. Many of them have a history of peripheral vascular disease . Other risk factors include: Atrial fibrillation Blockage of the large bowel Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Congestive heart failure Diabetes High blood pressure Irritable bowel syndrome Low blood pressure Past aortic surgery in which damage occurred to the artery that supplies the colon Rheumatoid arthritis Use of medications that cause constipation
Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a term that doctors use to describe patients who have reduced heart pumping (squeezing) due to coronary artery disease. These patients often have congestive heart failure.
"Ischemic" means that an organ (such as the heart) is not getting enough blood and oxygen. "Cardio" means heart and "myopathy" means muscle-related disease.
Coronary artery disease
Ischemic heart disease; Cardiomyopathy - ischemic
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Ischemic cardiomyopathy results when the arteries that bring blood and oxygen to the heart are blocked. There is usually a buildup of cholesterol and other substances, called plaque, in the arteries that bring oxygen to heart muscle tissue. Over time, the heart muscle does not work well, and it is more difficult for the heart to fill and pump blood to the body.
The goal in treating ulcerative colitis (UC) is to achieve a remission of symptoms and prevent flare-ups. One of the newer classes of medications in the arsenal is biologics. These medications have shown to be very helpful in controlling UC symptoms over time by reducing the inflammation in the intestines and colon. Long-term treatment has many benefits to patients with UC. Below are some of the benefits to using biologics long term. Fewer Flare-Ups Long term prevention of flare-ups has been seen in patients on biologics. Up to four years of remission was seen in one study of patients. Having fewer flare-ups can be life-changing for patients with UC. Fewer flare-ups help reduce financial expenses involving hospitalizations, doctor appointments, and treatment. Less Complications Lowered rates of hospitalization for any reason have been shown in patients that added a biologic to their long-term UC treatment plan. The remissions from long term biol...
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