Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) refers to a disorder that involves abdominal pain and cramping, as well as changes in bowel movements.
It is not the same as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis .
Spastic colon; Irritable colon; Mucous colitis; Spastic colitis
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
There are many possible causes of IBS. For example, there may be a problem with muscles in the intestine, or the intestine may be more sensitive to stretching or movement. There is no problem with the structure of the intestine.
It is not clear why patients develop IBS, but in some instances, it occurs after an intestinal infection. This is called postinfectious IBS. There may also be other triggers.
Stress can worsen IBS. The colon is connected to the brain through nerves of the autonomic nervous system. These nerves become more active during times of stress, and can cause th...
If a zebra in the safari injures his leg, he keeps moving as much as possible because he needs to survive. If a human injures his leg, he may stop moving because he is too scared to move. This fear of movement (kinesiophobia) is rooted in the belief that pain is harmful and threatening. For the same reason Zebras Don't Get Ulcers , zebras do not become fearful of movement. Zebras are too busy surviving to worry about pain, movement or threats other than that lion over on the next ridge. On the other hand, humans can get all wrapped up in worry; worry about not being able to go to work, worry about not being able to keep up with the house, worry about the unknown, and worry about future. These threats to basic livelihood promote anxiety , pain and the fear of movement.
Once someone becomes paralyzed in fear, that person will avoid activities. Imagine if a zebra avoided foraging on the safari, seeking water in the heat, or running when a lion approached. A zebra that avoids b...
Small bowel resection is surgery to remove part or all of your small bowel. It is done when part of your small bowel is blocked or diseased.
The small bowel is also called the small intestine. Most digestion (breaking down and absorbing nutrients) of the food you eat takes place in the small intestine.
Small intestine surgery; Bowel resection - small intestine; Resection of part of the small intestine; Enterectomy
You will receive general anesthesia at the time of your surgery. This will make you asleep and pain-free.
If you have laparoscopic surgery:
You will have three to five small cuts in your lower belly. The surgeon will pass a camera and medical instruments through these cuts.
You may also have a cut of about 2 to 3 inches if your surgeon needs to put a hand inside your belly to feel the intestine or remove the diseased segment.
Your belly will be filled with gas to expand it. This m...
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