Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) refers to a disorder that involves abdominal pain and cramping, as well as changes in bowel movements.
It is not the same as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis .
Spastic colon; Irritable colon; Mucous colitis; Spastic colitis
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
There are many possible causes of IBS. For example, there may be a problem with muscles in the intestine, or the intestine may be more sensitive to stretching or movement. There is no problem with the structure of the intestine.
It is not clear why patients develop IBS, but in some instances, it occurs after an intestinal infection. This is called postinfectious IBS. There may also be other triggers.
Stress can worsen IBS. The colon is connected to the brain through nerves of the autonomic nervous system. These nerves become more active during times of stress, and can cause th...
There are many people who confuse Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). In actuality, they are very different. IBS is a functional disorder of the intestines, in which structurally, there is no pathology. The intestines in IBD however, are inflamed or ulcerated. Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease are types of IBD. Spastic colon is another term that is used interchangeably with IBS. The diseases are usually easily differentiated by history. At times laboratory studies, as well as imaging studies with barium ( small bowel series and barium enema ) is helpful. Finally, colonoscopy with biopsy can be used. Patients with IBS typically have abdominal pain, with diarrhea and/or constipation. The pain is usually crampy in nature and relieved with a bowel movement. The pain should not awake one from sleep, and is not associated with weight loss or bleeding. When IBS patients have abdominal pain and diarrhea, the symptoms can frequently...
Small bowel resection is surgery to remove part or all of your small bowel. It is done when part of your small bowel is blocked or diseased.
The small bowel is also called the small intestine. Most digestion (breaking down and absorbing nutrients) of the food you eat takes place in the small intestine.
Small intestine surgery; Bowel resection - small intestine; Resection of part of the small intestine; Enterectomy
You will receive general anesthesia at the time of your surgery. This will make you asleep and pain-free.
If you have laparoscopic surgery:
You will have three to five small cuts in your lower belly. The surgeon will pass a camera and medical instruments through these cuts.
You may also have a cut of about 2 to 3 inches if your surgeon needs to put a hand inside your belly to feel the intestine or remove the diseased segment.
Your belly will be filled with gas to expand it. This m...
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