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Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) refers to a disorder that involves abdominal pain and cramping, as well as changes in bowel movements.
It is not the same as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis .
Spastic colon; Irritable colon; Mucous colitis; Spastic colitis
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
There are many possible causes of IBS. For example, there may be a problem with muscles in the intestine, or the intestine may be more sensitive to stretching or movement. There is no problem with the structure of the intestine.
It is not clear why patients develop IBS, but in some instances, it occurs after an intestinal infection. This is called postinfectious IBS. There may also be other triggers.
Stress can worsen IBS. The colon is connected to the brain through nerves of the autonomic nervous system. These nerves become more active during times of stress, and can cause th...
The list of tips for sore feet is not complete without mentioning the butt muscles. This group of muscles may be the laziest in the entire body. When the butt muscles become weak, the entire leg is affected, including the feet. Everything starts to turn inward. The thigh bone rotates inward causing "knock-knees." The ankles turn inward to the point that the arch of the foot can become plastered to the ground. This misalignment of the leg leads to a chain reaction of chronic pain.
Anyone with back, hip, knee, ankle, or foot pain should remember to strengthen the butt muscles. The easiest and most practical way to improve strength in the buttocks is to stand on one leg. Go ahead and try it (if needed, hold onto a chair for safety). Your beltline should remain parallel to the ground and your body should remain upright. If that was difficult, try it again only this time focus on tightening the butt cheek on the same side you are standing on. Once the butt muscles engage, the leg be...
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a condition of chronic pain and sensory changes that can occur after trauma to an arm or a leg. The initial injury may be minor or severe. Pain is the main feature of CRPS, but changes in blood flow to the skin, increased sweating, and swelling are common symptoms. Movement disorders (MDs) such as tremor or dystonia develop in up to half the patients with CRPS. Dystonia is an abnormal twisting posture of the hand or foot. In this study from the Netherlands, patients with CRPS and dystonia are compared to patients with CRPS who do not have MDs. The authors tried to find out what causes the MDs to develop. They looked at age, duration of symptoms, type of injury, and severity of symptoms as possible factors that cause MDs to develop. They were able to come to several conclusions after comparing the two groups. First, the patients who developed dystonia were younger than patients in the group without dystonia. The length of time between the start of ...
You should know
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