Foods You Should Eat to Avoid Colon Cancer
What you eat may play a role in preventing cancer. Research suggests diets low in fruit and vegetables and high in meat poses a risk for colon cancer. Eat plenty of greens and fruits to lower your risk. Here are some tips on what you should eat.
Organosulfurs are important food chemicals that are part of the allium family. Studies have reported health benefits from foods containing them. These compounds are found in garlic, leeks, onions, chives, scallions, and shallots.
Studies have been mixed on whether fiber (found in fruits, vegetables, whole grains) protects from colon cancer. Major studies in 2002 and 2003 reported no difference in the development of cancer recurrence with high intake of fiber. But, other studies are positive. A 2003 study - the largest study ever conducted on the role of diet in the development of cancer - suggested fiber is protective.
Studies conducted in several countries have found that drinking four or more cups of coffee a day is associated with a lower risk for colorectal cancer. Green tea may have beneficial properties, but more research is needed in both of these areas.
There is evidence that the B vitamin folate (called folic acid) is protective. Both folate and vitamin B12 convert the amino acid homocysteine to methionine, a chemical that protects certain genes that help prevent cells from becoming cancerous. Folate is found in beans, citrus fruits, and green vegetables.
Antioxidants are chemicals that help eliminate harmful particles called oxygen-free radicals that have been associated with cancerous changes. Some studies have associated supplements of the antioxidants selenium and vitamins A, C, D, and E with lower colon cancer risk, but most studies have found no protective effect.