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Alternative Names Variant angina; Angina - variant; Prinzmetal's angina Symptoms Spasm may be "silent" -- without symptoms -- or it may result in chest pain or angina. If the spasm lasts long enough, it may even cause a heart attack. The main symptom is a type of chest pain called angina, which can be felt under the chest bone and is described as: Constricting Crushing Pressure Squeezing Tightness It is usually severe. The pain may spread to the neck, jaw, shoulder, or arm. The pain: Often occurs at rest May occur at the same time each day, usually between midnight and 8:00 AM Lasts from 5 to 30 minutes The person may lose consciousness. Unlike angina that is caused by hardening of the coronary arteries, chest pain and shortness of breath are often not present when you walk or exercise. Signs and tests Tests to diagnose coronary artery spasm may include: Coronary angiography ECG Echocardiography
Esophageal spasms can cause a lot of pain, problems swallowing as well as vomiting. Unfortunately they are also more common in people with GERD or acid reflux disease. Normally the esophagus moves food through to the stomach in a coordinated way. This process is called peristalsis. Esophageal spasms can interrupt this process and cause a host of problems. Some of the symptoms of esophageal spasms include: vomiting, squeezing chest pain, problems swallowing, feeling like food is stuck in your throat. These symptoms must be evaluated by a physician to determine the cause and rule out heart related chest pain.
One of the best tests for diagnosing esophageal spasms is called esophageal manometry. During an esophageal manometry test a tube is placed into the esophagus to asses the effectiveness of your esophageal muscles. Other testing might include: tests to rule out heart disease, x-rays or a barium swallow and a scope or Esophagogast...
Do your knees feel wobbly or are your legs giving way? If you answered yes to either one of these questions, then you might be experiencing a condition known as Arthrogenic Muscle Inhibition. That’s a fancy way to say that the muscle weakness is caused by joint arthritis, injury and pain.
As a protective mechanism, the nervous system has reflexes that shut down muscle activity in order to protect the injured body part. In the case of an injured knee, ankle or other joint, doctors have observed significant muscle deactivation in response to joint swelling, pain, and arthritis. 1
In response to knee injury, surgery or arthritis, the quadriceps muscles become very weak. Even the hamstring and buttocks muscles are weakened in order to protect the knee. In response to an ankle injury or other painful process, the lower leg muscles in the calf start to lose their power. Researchers are even able to duplicate this arthrogenic muscle response by simulating joint swelling a...
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