Urinary incontinence can be defined as the involuntary loss of urine. The urinary bladder, which stores urine until the patient voluntary empties its content, is a reservoir in the lower abdomen whose walls are a muscle that is supplied with nerve fibers. When the patient desires to empty their bladder, this muscle contracts forcing the urine out of the exit tube. There is a circular muscle surrounding its exit tube called the urinary sphincter. The muscular sphincter opens to allow for emptying of the urine, remaining closed most of the time to keep the urine stored in the bladder. Urinary incontinence is a common problem, perhaps more common in women than men, and may be temporary or chronic. Temporary urinary incontinence is loss of urine caused by another condition and disappears when the causative disease is no longer present. Examples of temporary incontinence would be acute bladder infection, loss of consciousness, or because of a reaction to a medication. Long-standing or ...
Incontinence can be caused by at least eight different urinary issues. Sounds like a lot, huh? I hadn't any idea about this until I investigated it myself. With my multiple sclerosis I know that my brain sends messages that become faulty (due to damaged nerves) and my bladder sphincter sometimes doesn't open or more often it wants to open frequently, which causes issues of incontinence.
What follows is a basic rundown of the types of incontinence:
This is the need to frequently urinate, with urgencies more than seven times a day or twice during the night. This is most common in older adults.
Weakened pelvic muscles, bladder walls, or urethral sphincter muscles, an enlarged prostate, and nerve damage can cause intolerable pressure on the bladder, causing urinary leakage. This condition is most common among women and it's often a result of pregnancy/childbirth.
While it is arguably almost expected for women to have some degree of urinary incontinence , based on physiology and other factors, that is not the case for men. Men may have a harder time discussing incontinence among people they are close with or even with a doctor or other medical professional. Urinary incontinence is an embarrassing topic for anyone to discuss. But now that pharmaceutical companies are allowed to advertise on television, many women have begun to seek treatment for their incontinence. Most women know that childbirth and age are risk factors for stress urinary incontinence , and knowing they are not alone has really opened up lines of communication between physicians and patients as well as other women, like friends and family. It is almost expected that women have some degree of urinary incontinence. This is not to say that it isn’t an embarrassing situation for women, but it’s more common, and there is much more information out there for women. Men, on th...
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