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Today, treatments for yeast infections are available in your grocery store or pharmacy, over-the-counter. You don’t need to see a doctor in order to buy a treatment kit and use it. Because yeast infections are common, this helps millions of women. However, there are times when you should see a doctor before purchasing and using the medication.
What Are Vaginal Yeast Infections?
Yeast is a type of fungus. A yeast infection is caused when you have an overgrowth of the fungus called candida albicans in your vagina. Symptoms of a yeast infection include:
Redness, soreness and swelling of the vagina and vulva
Pain during sex or when urinating
Thick, white discharge that resembles cottage cheese
Rash on the vagina
You may have all of these symptoms or just a few. Symptoms can be mild or severe. Approximately three-fourths of women will have a yeast infection sometime in their life. Yeast infections are not STIs and are rarely transmitted during sex. Yeast infections can be uncomf...
Alternative Names Stones - bladder; Urinary tract stones; Bladder calculi Treatment Drinking 6 - 8 glasses of water or more per day to increase urinary output may help the stones pass. Your health care provider may remove stones that do not pass on their own using a cystoscope (a small tube that passes through the urethra to the bladder). Some stones may need to be removed using open surgery. Medications are rarely used to dissolve the stones. Causes of bladder stones should be treated. Most commonly bladder stones are seen with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or bladder outlet obstruction . For patients with BPH and bladder stones, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) can be performed with stone removal. Support Groups Expectations (prognosis) Most bladder stones are expelled or can be removed without permanent damage to the bladder. They may come back if the cause is not corrected. If the stones are left untreated, they may cause repeated urinary tract infections or permanent damage...
Alternative Names Yeast infection - vagina; Vaginal candidiasis; Monilial vaginitis Prevention Avoid persistent and excessive moisture in the genital area by wearing underwear or pantyhose with cotton crotches, and loose-fitting slacks. Avoid wearing wet bathing suits or exercise clothing for long periods of time, and wash them after each use. References Nviriesy P. Vulvovaginal candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis. Infect Dis Clin North Am , 2008;22:637-652. Eckert LO, Lentz GM. Infections of the lower genital tract: vulva, vagina, cervix, toxic shock syndrome, HIV infections. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 22.
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