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Definition A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection that can happen anywhere along the urinary tract. Urinary tract infections have different names, depending on what part of the urinary tract is infected. Bladder -- an infection in the bladder is also called cystitis or a bladder infection Kidneys -- an infection of one or both kidneys is called pyelonephritis or a kidney infection Ureters -- the tubes that take urine from each kidney to the bladder are only rarely the site of infection Urethra -- an infection of the tube that empties urine from the bladder to the outside is called urethritis See also: Cystitis - noninfectious Interstitial cystitis Urethritis Urinary tract infection - children Alternative Names Bladder infection - adults; UTI - adults; Cystitis - bacterial - adults; Pyelonephritis - adults; Kidney infection - adults Causes, incidence, and risk factors Urinary tract infections are caused by germs, usually bacteria that enter the urethra and then the bladder. This can le...
Lifestyle Changes Although there is no evidence that good hygiene makes a real difference in preventing UTIs, it is always a wise practice. The following are some hygiene tips for women: Clean the genital and urinary areas from front to back with soap and water after each bowel movement. Keep the genital and anal areas clean before and after sex. Urinate before and after intercourse to empty the bladder and cleanse the urethra of bacteria. Avoid tight-fitting pants. Wear cotton-crotch underwear and panty hose, changing both at least once a day. (Mild detergents are best for washing underwear.) Take showers rather than baths. Avoid bath oils, feminine hygiene sprays, douches, and powders. As a general rule, do not use any product containing perfumes or other possible allergens near the genital area. Douching is never recommended as it may irritate the vagina and urethra and increase the risk of sexually transmitted diseases. Choose sanitary napkins instead of tampons (which some doctors believ...
For people with Alzheimer's disease, urinary tract infections (UTIs) can present particular difficulties. Later stage Alzheimer's disease is associated with increased difficulties in communication. Therefore, someone with a UTI, might be experiencing pain and discomfort yet be unable to articulate this. However, sudden changes in behavior, such as aggression , anxiety, violence, may be an indication that something is physically wrong. People with Alzheimer's get sick too, but far too often, their change in behavior is attributed to dementia rather than from a physical cause.
Urinary tract infections are more common in older people, people who are bedridden or who require total nursing care, those who are catheterized, or who use continence aids and in people whose immune system is compromised.
Symptoms of UTI include the following:
Urine looks cloudy or milky. It may look a reddish color in serious cases of urine infection if blood is present.
Urine often smells of...
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