Spondylolisthesis (spaun-di-lo-lie-thee-sis) is a mouthful and is a common cause of low back pain (although it can exist anywhere in the spine, the lumbar spine is the most common area affected). The spinal column is a series of building blocks called vertebral bodies stacked on top of one another. Sometimes these blocks do not line up perfectly. This slight separation in the spinal column is called a spondylolisthesis .
"Doc says I have a spondy-something-or-other. Don't ask me what it is; all I know is that it hurts". Steve tries to explain his low back condition to his friend. But, he finds that he cannot explain what he does not understand. Steve has had back pain for a number of years. Every year the pain gets worse and has now become constant. His doctor sent him for x-rays recently. The x-rays showed a spondylolisthesis with disc degeneration at L5/S1. Steve could not understand his doctor's explanation of the condition. So, now he has pain and has confusion.
Driving a car to the local mechanic to get it fixed is not the same thing as taking the human body into surgery; although, this "fix-it" attitude drives patients and surgeons alike towards surgical solutions. Lately, a growing number of people are undergoing low back surgery . A recent study examined the relationship between patient expectations and the actual outcomes from lumbar spine surgery. Because pre-surgical expectations do not always equate to the actual results, how can a person judge whether or not a surgery was successful? How can one predict surgical success?
Understanding the primary reasons for seeking surgical solutions is the first step towards discussing the likelihood of success. The top three causes for patients wanting lumbar surgery are: 1#, other therapies have failed to help; 2#, the pain is unbearable; 3#, walking has become difficult. Based on these reasons to see a surgeon, patients come to the operating room harboring certain expectations. Patients wa...
Perimenopause is the stage leading up to menopause. It can begin anytime after age 35 and lasts for an average of 4 years, however, for some women, this stage can be only a few months or could last much longer than 4 years. During perimenopause, hormonal fluctuations can cause irritability, mood swings, weight gain, anxiety and an increase in headaches.
Another symptom can be a decreased sex drive . This symptom can be frustrating and disappointing. For some, it can interfere with your relationship. Because perimenopause can begin years before menopause starts, you may not realize what is going on and why you suddenly have less interest in a sexual relationship. Make sure if you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed or your libido is lower than it was previously, talk with your doctor. There are tests that can be done to find out if you are entering the perimenopause stage.
Why Sexual Drive Decreases
During perimenopause, a number of changes in your body begi...
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