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Being that I am a urologic surgeon, I routinely perform surgery on patients for incontinence . Unfortunately, no surgery is without its risks and complications. Before surgery, I always review risks and potential complications with patients, but when a patient has a bad outcome, they are always surprised. Now, even if you do not get the outcome you were hoping for, there are options for you to improve your outcome. There are many kinds of incontinence surgeries, but here I am going to focus on mid-urethral vaginal slings . First of all, it is important that you let your doctor know that you are having problems or are unhappy with the outcome. One of the most frustrating things for me is when a patient comes to me after having been operated on by another doctor and now is seeing me to fix the problem. I am not saying that you don't have the right to seek help from another physician, but you should give your first doctor a chance to right things. Some people,...
Definition Developmental disorders of the vagina and vulva include many different structural problems that occur while the baby is developing in the mother's womb. Causes, incidence, and risk factors Abnormalities of the female vagina and vulva include: Imperforate hymen -- The hymen is a thin tissue that partly covers the opening to the vagina. An imperforate hymen completely blocks the vaginal opening, so menstrual blood or mucus cannot flow out of the body. This often leads to painful swelling of the vagina. Sometimes the hymen has only a very small opening. This problem may not be discovered until puberty. Some baby girls are born without a hymen. Vaginal abnormalities -- A baby girl may be born without a vagina or have the vaginal opening blocked by a layer of cells that are higher up in the vagina than where the hymen is. A missing vagina is most often due to Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome. In this syndrome, the baby is missing part or all of the internal reproductive organs...
Mouth sores usually go away in 10 to 14 days, even if you don't do anything. They sometimes last up to 6 weeks. The following steps can make you feel better:
Avoid hot beverages and foods, spicy and salty foods, and citrus.
Gargle with cool water or eat popsicles. This is helpful if you have a mouth burn.
Take pain relievers like acetaminophen.
For canker sores:
Rinse with salt water.
Apply a thin paste of baking soda and water.
Mix 1 part hydrogen peroxide with 1 part water and apply this mixture to the sores using a cotton swab.
For more severe cases, treatments include fluocinonide gel (Lidex), anti-inflammatory amlexanox paste (Aphthasol), or chlorhexidine gluconate (Peridex) mouthwash.
Nonprescription medications, such as Orabase, can protect a sore inside the lip and on the gums. Blistex or Campho-Phenique may provide some relief of canker sores and fever blister...
You should know
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