Depression in men and women is thought to be different. One of these differences is the assumption that some imbalance of female hormones can play a significant role in the onset of depression in women. This, it is often argued, helps to explain the reason why more women than men appear to suffer from depression. But is it really as simple as this? Two conditions commonly associated with hormones and depression are Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder and the so-called ‘baby blues' (postpartum depression). Premenstrual disorders and postpartum depression do seem to point to hormonal imbalance, but research findings are actually less conclusive than might be expected in relation to the role of female hormones to depression. A diagnosis of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PDD) follows after five or more of the following symptoms of major depression during most menstrual cycles: Feeling of sadness or hopelessness, possible suicidal thoughts Feelings of tension or an...
Women athletes tear the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee at least twice as often as men in the same sports. Much recent research has tried to figure out why. Many possible reasons have been identified. It is possible that all these factors play some part in women's high number of ACL injuries. These authors looked closer at the theory that women's hormones make ACL injuries more likely. They specifically looked at a hormone called relaxin. Relaxin is only found in women. Pregnant women produce it at high levels. All women seem to produce it during a certain stage of the menstrual cycle. Research has shown that relaxin affects ligaments. It seems to affect the body's ability to produce and repair collagen. Collagen is the rope-like tissue that forms the strands of ligaments, tendons, and other supportive tissue in the body. In this study, the researchers studied ACL tissue from women and men undergoing ACL surgery. The tissue was tested in the laboratory to see if relaxin ...
Have you ever leaked urine when you cough, laugh, sneeze, stand
up or exercise? Are there times when you cant get to the
toilet fast enough? These are just some of the questions asked to
women in the Womens Health Initiative (WHI) clinical trial.
You may have heard of WHI. Its a 15-year project involving
over 161,000 women ages 50-79. It is one of the most far reaching
programs of research on women's health ever conducted in the
The WHI has released a number of findings on the effects of
hormone therapy. But did you know they studied the effects of
hormone therapy on incontinence? They looked at stress and urge
incontinence in women and found that hormone therapy causes
incontinence and makes the condition worse in women who are already
incontinent. This is true if a woman is taking estrogen alone or
taking a combination of estrogen and progestin.
If youre thinking about taking hormone therapy, keep these
points in mind:
-Incontinence is a risk of taking h...
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