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Depression in men and women is thought to be different. One of these differences is the assumption that some imbalance of female hormones can play a significant role in the onset of depression in women. This, it is often argued, helps to explain the reason why more women than men appear to suffer from depression. But is it really as simple as this? Two conditions commonly associated with hormones and depression are Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder and the so-called ‘baby blues' (postpartum depression). Premenstrual disorders and postpartum depression do seem to point to hormonal imbalance, but research findings are actually less conclusive than might be expected in relation to the role of female hormones to depression. A diagnosis of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PDD) follows after five or more of the following symptoms of major depression during most menstrual cycles: Feeling of sadness or hopelessness, possible suicidal thoughts Feelings of tension or an...
Hormone replacement therapy just been a confusing topic for many menopausal women. Now there's a new governmental report that adds more fuel to the debate. This new report from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is recommending that postmenopausal women should not take hormone therapy in order to prevent chronic conditions.
This particular study reviewed results from the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), a 10-year study of nearly 70,000 women, related to postmenopausal women who were eligible for hormone therapy. Based on their analysis, the researchers found both benefits and risks in relation to hormone therapy. For instance, the use of combined estrogen and progestin is believed to reduce the risk for fracture and colorectal cancer in postmenopausal women. However, this combination did not have a beneficial effect on and may actually increase the risk of coronary heart disease. This type of hormone therapy also may increase the risk of breast cancer, venous throm...
Unlike local treatments, which focus on the area (or areas) where the invasive ductal carcinoma was found, systemic treatments involve the entire body. Treatments such as chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and targeted therapies are used to destroy any cancer cells that may have left the original tumor, as well as to reduce the risk of the invasive ductal carcinoma coming back.
Chemotherapy involves taking anti-cancer medicines by injection directly into a vein or by mouth in the form of a pill. Two or more chemotherapy medications are often given in combination. The medicines travel through the bloodstream to all parts of the body. As chemotherapy damages the cancer cells, it also can damage some of the body’s healthy cells, which is why you may experience side effects .
If an invasive ductal carcinoma is larger than 1 centimeter in diameter and/or has spread to the lymph nodes, chemotherapy is usually recommended or, at the very least, seriously considered. When chemotherap...
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