Definition Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a wide range of physical or emotional symptoms that typically occur about 5 to 11 days before a woman starts her monthly menstrual cycle. The symptoms usually stop when menstruation begins, or shortly thereafter. See also: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) Alternative Names PMS Causes, incidence, and risk factors The exact cause of PMS has not been identified. Changes in brain hormone levels may play a role, but this has not been proven. Women with premenstrual syndrome may also respond differently to these hormones. PMS may be related to social, cultural, biological, and psychological factors. The condition is estimated to affect up to 75% of women during their childbearing years. It occurs more often in women: Between their late 20s and early 40s Who have at least one child With a personal or family history of major depression With a history of postpartum depression or an affective mood disorder The symptoms typically get worse in a woman's la...
Premenstrual tenderness and swelling of the breasts; Breast tenderness - premenstrual; Breast swelling - premenstrual
Self-care tips include:
Eating a lower fat diet
Avoiding caffeine (coffee, tea, and chocolate)
Avoiding salt 1 - 2 weeks before your period starts
Getting vigorous exercise every day
You should perform a breast self-examination every month.
A well-fitting bra should be worn day and night to provide good breast support.
The effectiveness of vitamin E, vitamin B6, and herbal preparations such as evening primrose oil are somewhat controversial and should be discussed with your health care provider.
Birth control pills may be prescribed to decrease symptoms.
Diuretics (water pills) taken in the premenstrual phase may reduce breast swelling and tenderness.
A prescription medicine called Depo-Provera is available for those who experience premenstrual breast swelling and tenderness. This d...
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the term used to describe a group of physical or behavioral changes that some women go through before their menstrual periods begin every month. PMS can produce discomfort in different parts of the body and cause unpleasant emotional feelings. For reasons that remain unclear, these physical discomforts or mood changes begin at various times near the end of the menstrual cycle and usually disappear after a woman has begun her menstrual period. They reappear at about the same time each month. The degree of discomfort from PMS varies with each individual. Most women with PMS have symptoms that cause a mild or moderate degree of distress. In about 10 percent of all women with PMS, symptoms may be severe. PMS can have a major impact on a woman's life. On the job or at home, a woman may not be able to function as well when symptoms occur. Problems caused by PMS may trigger marital and family conflicts. A woman may become less outgoing socially and avoid frie...
You should knowAnswers to your question are meant to provide general health information but should not replace medical advice you receive from a doctor. No answers should be viewed as a diagnosis or recommended treatment for a condition. Content posted by community members does not necessarily reflect the views of Remedy Health Media, which also reserves the right to remove material deemed inappropriate.