Migraines Significantly Impact Children's School Performance

Teri Robert @trobert Health Guide
  • A recent study of Brazilian school children revealed that those children with Migraine were significantly more likely to have below average school performance than those without Migraine.

    The study

    Study objectives:

    "To conduct a population-based study describing school performance in children with episodic migraine (EM), chronic migraine (CM), and probable migraine (PM), relative to controls."

    Study methods:

    • A total of 124 elementary school teachers were trained as interviewers for the study.
    • Teachers interviewed 6,445 children, ages five- to 12-years-old, from 87 cities in 18 Brazilian states.
    • Unaware of headache/Migraine information, the teachers were first asked to answer questions about the educational performance of the students.
    • After the educational performance information had been collected, the teachers interviewed parents using standardized questionnaires, which were sent to the study investigators.
    • Diagnostic assignments were made by one of the investigators based on the questionnaires.

    Study results:

    Add This Infographic to Your Website or Blog With This Code:
    • Complete interviews were obtained for 5,671 children.
    • Episodic Migraine (EM) was diagnosed in 9% of the children.
    • Probable Migraine (PM) was diagnosed in 17.6% of the children.
    • Chronic Migraine (CM) was diagnosed in 0.6% of the children.
    • When compared to children with no headache diagnosis, children with any Migraine diagnosis were significantly more likely to perform below average in school.
    • When compared to children with no headache diagnosis, children with episodic tension-type headache did not show a significant decrease in school performance.
    • Poor school performance was significantly 8influenced by:
      • Migraine severity
      • Migraine duration
      • nausea
      • use of analgesics
      • lower scores on the Strengths and Difficulties mental health questionnaire

    Study conclusions:

    The study concludes:

    "Children with migraine are at an increased risk of having impairments in their school performance and factors associated with impairment have been mapped. Future studies should address the directionality of the association and putative mechanisms to explain it."1

    With approximately one-fourth of school-age children having headaches with migraine features, this is a serious problem, especially for those with frequent, severe attacks that do not subside quickly," Bigal said. "Parents and teachers need to take these headaches seriously and make sure children get appropriate medical attention and treatment

    Read more at: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-10-migraine-children-affect-school.html#jCp
    With approximately one-fourth of school-age children having headaches with migraine features, this is a serious problem, especially for those with frequent, severe attacks that do not subside quickly," Bigal said. "Parents and teachers need to take these headaches seriously and make sure children get appropriate medical attention and treatment

    Read more at: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-10-migraine-children-affect-school.html#jCp
    With approximately one-fourth of school-age children having headaches with migraine features, this is a serious problem, especially for those with frequent, severe attacks that do not subside quickly," Bigal said. "Parents and teachers need to take these headaches seriously and make sure children get appropriate medical attention and treatment

    Read more at: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-10-migraine-children-affect-school.html#jCp

    Study author Dr. Marcelo Bigal commented:

  • "With approximately one-fourth of school-age children having headaches with migraine features, this is a serious problem, especially for those with frequent, severe attacks that do not subside quickly. Parents and teachers need to take these headaches seriously and make sure children get appropriate medical attention and treatment."2

    With approximately one-fourth of school-age children having headaches with migraine features, this is a serious problem, especially for those with frequent, severe attacks that do not subside quickly," Bigal said. "Parents and teachers need to take these headaches seriously and make sure children get appropriate medical attention and treatment

    Read more at: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-10-migraine-children-affect-school.html#jCp

    Summary and comments:

    Thankfully, we're seeing more attention being paid to children with Migraine. This study emphasizes the need for more attention and more studies.

    Add This Infographic to Your Website or Blog With This Code:

     

    We also need better public and physician education. In conversation with some physicians, I've been surprised to discover that they had no idea that FDA had approved Axert for adolescents ages 12- to 17-years-old and Maxalt for children and adolescents ages six- to 18-years-old.

     

    It's up to all of us - parents, advocates, and health care professionals alike to work toward better care for our children and spread the word about the treatments that are available.

    ____________

    Resources:

     

    1 Arruda, Marco A., MD, PhD; Bigal, Marcelo E., MD, PhD. "Migraine and migraine subtypes in preadolescent children - Association with school performance." Neurology® 2012;79:1881–1888.

     

    2 Press Release, American Academy of Neurology. "Migraine in children may affect school performance." October 29, 2012.

    Live well,

     

     

    Puz-only-btn

    Get the latest Migraine and headache news, informational articles, tips for living well, and more in my free weekly newsletter. To subscribe, CLICK HERE.


     

     

    Follow me on    or 


    BlogWithIntegrity.com

     

     

    Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape© Teri Robert, 2012.
    Last updated October 30, 2012.

Published On: October 31, 2012