Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) affects about 30 million people in America and has increased in prevalence over the last 25 years. Allergy medications have dominated the shelves in many pharmacies as a result of the increasing brands of antihistamines, nasal sprays and decongestants. Despite the plethora of remedies, both over the counter (OTC) and by prescription, many people continue to suffer from chronic nasal congestion and post-nasal drainage.
Twenty five years ago intranasal steroids (INS) were ushered into the market as a novel approach to treating allergic rhinitis. Nasalid (flunisolide) led the way. Vancenase (Beclomethasone) and Nasacort (Triamcinolone) nasal sprays soon followed. These sprays offered a class of topically active steroids that, unlike previous nasal steroid sprays, had minimal systemic impact. This means the majority of the spray worked on the inner surface of the nose with very little absorption into blood vessels (reducing...
Nose emergencies include nosebleeds, an object lodged in the nose, and a broken nose.
A fractured nose is the most common facial fracture. It usually results from a blunt injury and is often associated with other facial fractures. The bruised appearance usually disappears after 2 weeks.
Nose injuries and neck injuries are often seen together because a blow that is forceful enough to injure the nose may be hard enough to injure the neck.
Serious nose injuries cause problems that require immediate professional attention. However, for minor nose injuries, the doctor may prefer to see the injured person after the swelling subsides.
Nosebleeds are very common. A nosebleed may be caused by trauma such as nose picking, forceful nose blowing, direct impact to the nose, and other actions. A nosebleed may also be caused by irritation or dryness of the lining of the nose, which may occur with low humidity and dry environment, allergic rhinitis...
We didn’t realize just how ill my mother was. As my mother walked into the emergency department, her shockingly low hemoglobin (Hb) level was 3.5 g/dL. Normal hemoglobin levels for a woman range from 12.0 to 16.0 g/dL. The nurse confided that she had never seen such low hemoglobin in a person who was conscious much less alert and ambulatory (however weak). The doctor said that such a low Hb level could cause a heart attack.
Hemoglobin is the protein molecule in red blood cells which carries oxygen throughout the body. According to the Mayo Clinic, “ a low hemoglobin count is a common blood test result . In many cases, a low hemoglobin count is only slightly lower than normal, isn't considered significant, and causes no symptoms. A low hemoglobin count can also be caused by an abnormality or disease. In these situations, a low hemoglobin count is referred to as anemia.”
After an endoscopy, it was determined that bits and pieces of t...
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