Hypnic headache (HH) is a rare primary headache disorder (primary headache disorders are those that cannot be attributed to another condition.) It's most identifying feature is that it only develops during sleep and wakes the sufferer. The International Headache Society's International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd Edition (ICHD-II), is the "gold standard" for diagnosing and classifying headache disorders. Here are the description, diagnostic criteria, and symptoms of HH as set forth in the ICHD-II: 4.5 Hypnic headache Previously used terms : Hypnic headache syndrome, ‘alarm clock’ headache Description : Attacks of dull headache that always awaken the patient from asleep. Diagnostic criteria : Dull headache fulfilling criteria B–D Develops only during sleep, and awakens patient At least two of the following characteristics: occurs 15 or more times per month lasts 15 or more minutes after waking first occurs after age of 50 yea...
I have suffered with migraines for 20 years. I have attended three headache clinics. I know the food/beverage migraine triggers and completely avoid them. I get a full night of uninterrupted sleep. Here is my problem: I wake up nearly each morning with a migraine. What is causing them? How can I avoid this pain? Gloria.
Even uninterrupted sleep can be poor quality sleep. It's also possible that you wake during the night and don't know it. The most common triggers for waking with a Migraine are sleep issues:
too much sleep
too little sleep
poor quality sleep
irregular sleep schedule
Have you and your doctor discussed your sleep? If not, you should. Many people really have no idea they're have sleep issues until a doctor asks the right question. There's information on this in our video Migraines, Headaches, and Sleep .
If it turns out that a sleep issue is not th...
Do you have questions about headaches or Migraines? Many of our readers do, and each week, and Dr. John Claude Krusz and Teri Robert answer some of them. Dr. Krusz is a world recognized headache and Migraine expert, often conducting groundbreaking research at his clinic in Dallas. Here are this week's questions and answers...
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