FROM OUR EXPERTS
Possible symptoms include:
or light-headedness (especially when standing up or with activity)
or lack of energy
Shortness of breath
(especially during exercise)
Some types of anemia may have other symptoms, such as:
Signs and tests
The doctor will perform a physical examination, and may find:
Rapid heart rate
Some types of anemia may cause other findings on a physical exam.
Blood tests used to diagnose some common types of anemia may include:
Blood levels of vitamin B12, folic acid, and other vitamins and minerals
Red blood count
and hemoglobin level
Other tests may be done to ide...
Scientists around the world are studying pain mechanisms of all kinds. In this article, the characteristics and causes of muscle pain are reviewed. Methods used to conduct experiments to better understand pain are explained. For example, muscle pain can be evoked by internal versus external sources. Ischemia (decreased blood flow) and exercise are two ways to induce muscle pain. Electrical stimulation and mechanical and chemical causes of muscle pain are also discussed. Exploring the causes and effects of muscle pain in an experimental fashion has shown researchers many new things. For example, muscle hyperactivity is not caused by muscle pain in the normal adult. But for someone with chronic musculoskeletal pain, increased electrical activity has been measured in the muscles. This occurs both at rest and after activity. Recent studies have shown us that muscle pain can alter motor control. Muscle pain can cause changes in muscle coordination and changes in motor strategies. The exact ...
Alternative Names Anemia - iron deficiency - children Treatment Treatment involves iron supplements (ferrous sulfate), which are taken by mouth. The iron is best absorbed on an empty stomach, but many people need to take the supplements with food to avoid stomach upset. If you cannot tolerate iron supplements by mouth, iron may be given by injection into a muscle or through a vein (IV). Milk and antacids can interfere with iron absorption and should not be taken at the same time as iron supplements. Iron-rich foods include raisins, meats (especially liver), fish, poultry, egg yolks, legumes (peas and beans), and whole-grain bread. Support Groups Expectations (prognosis) With treatment, the outcome is likely to be good. In most cases, the blood counts will return to normal in 2 months. It is essential to determine the cause of the iron deficiency. If it is being caused by blood loss other than monthly menstruation, further investigation will be needed. You should continue taking iron supplements...
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