Possible symptoms include:
or light-headedness (especially when standing up or with activity)
or lack of energy
Shortness of breath
(especially during exercise)
Some types of anemia may have other symptoms, such as:
Signs and tests
The doctor will perform a physical examination, and may find:
Rapid heart rate
Some types of anemia may cause other findings on a physical exam.
Blood tests used to diagnose some common types of anemia may include:
Blood levels of vitamin B12, folic acid, and other vitamins and minerals
Red blood count
and hemoglobin level
Other tests may be done to ide...
Treatment Oral iron supplements are the best way to restore iron levels for people who are iron deficient, but they should be used only when dietary measures have failed. However, iron supplements cannot correct anemias that are not due to iron deficiency. Iron replacement therapy can cause gastrointestinal problems, sometimes severe ones. Excess iron may also contribute to heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers. Doctors generally advise against iron supplements in anyone with a healthy diet and no indications of iron deficiency anemia. Treatment of Anemia of Chronic Disease . In general, the best treatment for anemia of chronic diseases is treating the disease itself. In some cases, iron deficiency accompanies the condition and requires iron replacement. Erythropoietin, most often administered with intravenous iron, is used for some patients. Oral Iron Supplements Supplement Forms. There are two forms of supplemental iron: ferrous and ferric. Ferrous iron is better absorbed and is th...
Alternative Names Anemia - iron deficiency - children Treatment Treatment involves iron supplements (ferrous sulfate), which are taken by mouth. The iron is best absorbed on an empty stomach, but many people need to take the supplements with food to avoid stomach upset. If you cannot tolerate iron supplements by mouth, iron may be given by injection into a muscle or through a vein (IV). Milk and antacids can interfere with iron absorption and should not be taken at the same time as iron supplements. Iron-rich foods include raisins, meats (especially liver), fish, poultry, egg yolks, legumes (peas and beans), and whole-grain bread. Support Groups Expectations (prognosis) With treatment, the outcome is likely to be good. In most cases, the blood counts will return to normal in 2 months. It is essential to determine the cause of the iron deficiency. If it is being caused by blood loss other than monthly menstruation, further investigation will be needed. You should continue taking iron supplements...
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