For a copy of the American Academy of Neurology Patient Page about PFO and Migraine, click HERE.
1 Kondapaneni, MD, MPH, Pranathi. "Does the percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale help the migraine sufferer?" American Academy of Neurology Patient Page.
2 Post, Martjin C.; Thijs, Vincent; Herroelen, Luc; Budts, Werner I.H.L. "Closure of a patent foramen ovale is associated with a decrease in prevalence of migraine." Neurology April, 2004:62:1439–1440.
3 Schwerzmann M, Wiher S, Nedeltchev K, et al. "Percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale reduces the frequency of migraine attacks." Neurology 2004:62:1399–1401.
4 Diener, H.C;, Weimar, C.; Katsarava, Z. "Patent foramen ovale: paradoxical connection to migraine and stroke." Current Opinion in Neurology 2005 Jun;18(3):299-304.
© Teri Robert 2007
Last updated September 19, 2007.