Practically everyone experiences low back pain at some point in life. Some experience it more frequently than others. If you struggle with frequent episodes of low back pain, here are some tips to help you prevent it.
1. Think BEFORE You Lift : By thinking about how to lift properly, you can prevent 90 percent of the causes for a sudden, sharp pain in the back. Place your feet shoulder width apart, bend the knees and tighten up your abdominal wall; all of this is done before you lift.
2. Provide a Good Base of Support : Think as if you are a chair; one leg is pretty wobbly. Two legs are better than one, especially with the feet widely placed for extra support. Place a hand down on a counter top for even more support and now you are a three-legged chair. And both legs and arms in contact with something solid will give your spine the most stable base of support possible.
Studies show muscle weakness after total knee replacement (TKR) is common months and even years after the surgery. This study compares the force produced during a single-leg press after TKR. Nine patients with TKR were compared to nine adults without TKR (the control group). This is the first study to measure force produced by the leg after TKR in a weight-bearing position. It's unique because force is examined across several joints using many muscle groups. This gives a better idea of what's going on in a fully weight-bearing position. Other studies have reported on forces in one joint at a time. Often only the knee extensor muscles are tested. The authors report that there is much less force through the leg with the joint replacement. These measures were lower when compared to the patient's healthy leg and when compared to the control group. This shows that the entire leg, not just one set of muscles, has less power. The researchers suggest that the loss of force in the leg with the TK...
Back pain - nonspecific
The majority of nonspecific back pain is probably caused by muscle strain. This usually responds to 2-5 days of rest and pain medications (such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents -- ibuprofen, naproxen, aspirin, etc.), followed by gradual return to activities. Medications may be needed to reduce muscle spasms.
Physical therapy is often prescribed to instruct the patient on proper body mechanics (such as good posture and lifting correctly) and to improve strength and flexibility in the spine, abdomen, and legs.
Surgery is not useful for the treatment of nonspecific back pain.
Most cases of nonspecific back pain resolve on their own or respond to treatment. It is helpful to sleep on a firm mattress, with a board under the mattress, or even on the floor. Heat or ice applied to the affected area may provide some relief.
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